Russian Deputy Representative to the UN called the condition for the use of nuclear weapons

Deputy Ambassador of Russia to the UN Polyansky: Russia can use nuclear weapons in case of a threat According to Dmitry Polyansky, Russia can use nuclear weapons in the presence of an “existential threat”. President Vladimir Putin has the authority to decide how critical such a threat is for the country. ” alt=”Deputy Representative of Russia to the UN called the condition for the use of nuclear weapons” />

Dmitry Polyansky

Russia can use nuclear weapons if there is a critical threat to the existence of the country. This was stated by Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Dmitry Polyansky in an interview with the British portal UnHerd.

“I am a diplomat, I am not involved in making decisions on nuclear strategy, but I can say: yes, we have nuclear weapons. And if an existential threat arises for Russia, then, I am sure, we can use nuclear weapons, — he said.

Responding to a question about what Russia might consider an “existential threat,” Polyansky said he was “not the right person to define it.” “These are people who get paid for solving military problems. I get my pay for dealing with diplomatic matters,— he added.

Answering a clarifying question whether President Vladimir Putin can make a decision on the use of nuclear weapons if he decides that an “existential threat” hangs over the country, the diplomat said: “He is the Supreme Commander, of course, he has every opportunity to decide. <…> Once again, if you threaten us with nuclear forces, you must consider all the risks, — said Polyansky.

The discussion about the possibility of using nuclear weapons intensified in the spring of 2022, after President Vladimir Putin ordered on February 27 that deterrence forces, which include nuclear weapons, be put on special alert. Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu the next day reported to the President that the strategic forces had begun increased duty.

On March 22, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on CNN that Russia could use nuclear weapons only if there was a real threat for the existence of the country, which is indicated in the concept of national security.

Read on RBC Pro Pro Work 12 hours 6 days a week. How it is to open a business in China Instructions Pro Why and how to refuse overtime Articles Pro What specialists are especially in demand now and why – “Avito Job” Articles Pro Ten ways to help a manager avoid burnout Instructions Pro Advertising as a remedy for depression: how Kellogg's Survived the 1930s Recession Articles Pro What is a manager made of, or What to do when everyone is looking at you? Summary Pro An Innovative Dictator: How a Putschist Became the Creator of an Economic MiracleRussian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said he did not believe in the possible start of a nuclear war. “I draw your attention to the fact that in the context of the events that have unfolded in Ukraine in recent years and have escalated literally in recent months and weeks, the nuclear topic has been thrown into this discourse exclusively by Western representatives, primarily NATO members,” — the minister said.

On May 6, Deputy Director of the Information and Press Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry Alexei Zaitsev said that Russia would not use nuclear weapons in military operations in Ukraine. “The scenarios for our possible use of nuclear weapons are clearly spelled out in Russian doctrinal documents. They are not applicable to the implementation of the tasks set in the course of a special military operation in Ukraine,»,— said the diplomat at the briefing.

The conditions for the use of nuclear weapons by Russia are described in paragraph 27 of the Military Doctrine. It states that Russia reserves the right to use nuclear weapons in response to the use of nuclear and other types of weapons of mass destruction against it or its allies, as well as in the event of aggression against Russia with the use of conventional weapons, “when the very existence of the state is threatened.” ;.

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The Ministry of Defense called on the UN and the Red Cross to ensure the evacuation from Slovyansk

According to the Ministry of Defense, the Armed Forces of Ukraine equipped in Slavyansk and Kramatorsk a single fortified area with an area of ​​​​over 170 square meters. km, keep 90 thousand people in cities and prevent them from leaving for Russia or other territories controlled by Ukraine

Kramatorsk

The Russian Ministry of Defense called on international organizations, including the UN, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the International Committee of the Red Cross and others, to ensure the evacuation of civilians from Kramatorsk and Slovyansk in the Donbass.

These cities are located under the control of the armed forces of Ukraine. According to the Russian Interdepartmental Coordination Headquarters, the Armed Forces of Ukraine equipped a single fortified area there with an area of ​​over 170 square meters. km and created stocks of weapons, ammunition, fuels and lubricants, food and medicine, placed heavy weapons and equipment, and equipped firing points in houses.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources. keep local residents in basements, and on the walls of buildings they put the inscriptions “Attention! Children!”, “There are children here! Don't shoot!».

The headquarters say that the “nationalists” blocked more than 90 thousand people in residential areas and on the territories of more than ten enterprises of Kramatorsk and Slavyansk and do not allow them to evacuate either towards Russia or to other territories controlled by Ukraine.

In early April, the head of the Slavic military administration, Vadim Lyakh asked the residents of the city to temporarily leave it, noting that the evacuation trains operate free of charge, and the residents who left will be able to receive additional payments at the place of temporary residence, in special cases— free housing, as well as find a job.

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In mid-April, the Russian ministry claimed that territorial defense fighters in Slovyansk were conducting “punitive raids to check local residents for the presence of they have any signs of pro-Russian views.

The UN and the International Committee of the Red Cross are involved in the evacuation from Mariupol, including from the territory of the Azovstal plant. Organizations reported on hundreds of people evacuated from the city, who were brought to Zaporozhye or to the village of Bezymennoye in the DPR.

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UN criticizes EU decision not to invite Russia to conference on Syria

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Deputy official representative of the UN Secretary General Farhan Haq said that the decision of the European Union not to invite Russia to participate in the donor conference Syria “Brussels-6” is regrettable.

“The Russian Federation is a member of the United Nations and a permanent member of the UN Security Council, as well as a key partner,” he recalled.

At the same time, Haq noted that the UN could not influence the decision of the EU, since it is not one of the co-organizers of the Brussels conference this year. The EU has decided not to invite the Russian Federation and contact them to find out the reason,” he said

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US envoy to UN accuses Russia of using chemical weapons in Syria

Linda Thomas-Greenfield

US Permanent Representative to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield accused Russia of using chemical weapons in Syria, she made such a statement on PBS. Her words are quoted by the press service of the diplomatic mission.

“They also used false accusations against the United States and Ukrainians of using chemical weapons, and we know that they are capable of using chemical weapons. They used it against their own people, they used it in Syria,— said the diplomat.

At the same time, Thomas-Greenfield is sure, Moscow understands the danger of using nuclear weapons, “whatever the nature or form it may have.” She called the words of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov about nuclear weapons “bragging”, while calling for the threat of nuclear weapons deployment to be taken seriously.

The United States is pressuring Russia in the Security Council on the issue of nuclear weapons, the diplomat assured, adding that these efforts should encourage the Russian leadership not to use it and abandon “threats against defenseless Ukraine.”

“And if they make the mistake of using nuclear weapons, we will hold them accountable. I won't go into the details of what we're going to do here, but they need to know that we'll answer them very, very strongly if they do,” — warned the US Ambassador to the UN.

Read on RBC Pro Pro Business is in line for cloud services. What services are in demand? situation Instructions Pro The Bank of Russia lowered the rate to 14%. What will happen to the ruble exchange rate and inflation Articles Pro How the relevance of digital assets and currencies is changing Articles ProAllegations that Russia used chemical weapons in Syria— fake, said Russian President Vladimir Putin. He compared these allegations to reports of civilian deaths in the Ukrainian city of Bucha in March 2022. According to him, “provocations were staged” in Syria; and “depicted the use of chemical weapons” government of President Bashar al-Assad. “Then it turned out that it was a fake. The same fake is in Bucha,— Putin insisted.

“Listen, I talked to colleagues from Western countries often. And when they say “Bucha” to me, I ask, have you ever been to Raqqa? Did you see how this Syrian city was completely destroyed, down to the very ground, by American aircraft from above? And there, indeed, the corpses lay in ruins for months and decomposed. Nobody cared before that, nobody even noticed, — said Putin.

The plans of the United States and Ukraine to carry out an attack using chemical weapons were announced by the Russian Defense Ministry in mid-April. The department claimed that in the interests of the Pentagon, biological weapons were tested on the territory of Ukraine, and chemical weapons were planned to be sprayed from the Bayraktar drone. Kyiv turned to the company— drone manufacturer Baykar Makina with a request for the possibility of placing “attached aerosol equipment” on the UAV, the ministry added.

About a week later, on April 21, the Russian Defense Ministry spoke about an attempt by Ukrainian forces to carry out an attack with chemical weapons. According to the ministry, a container with ampoules was dropped from a drone on the positions of Russian forces, which were supposed to explode, releasing toxic substances not mentioned in the convention lists.

The Russian embassy in the United States in early May urged Washington to destroy its chemical weapons . The diplomatic mission insists that the United States remains the last country to sign the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, which has not yet got rid of its own arsenal.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

US President Joe Biden warned in late March that if Moscow uses chemical weapons in Ukraine, Washington will respond, and the nature of the reaction will depend on the use of these weapons. Then the White House explained that the United States ruled out the possibility of using chemical weapons. U.S. National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan added that chemical weapons would not be used by U.S. forces “under any circumstances,” but that Russia would “pay a heavy price.” . «We— adequate people. I— the president of an adequate country and an adequate people. And the father of two children. And no one has developed any chemical or any other weapons of mass destruction on my land,»,— he said in mid-March in response to data on the work of biological laboratories in Ukraine.

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Russia announced the disruption of the participation of its representatives in the UN meeting

Representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova and two Russian experts were supposed to take part in a meeting of the information committee at the UN headquarters in the United States, but Zakharova's visa was issued late, and the experts did not receive them at all

Dmitry Polyansky

The United States did not issue visas to two of the three Russian delegates who were supposed to take part in a meeting of the United Nations information committee in New York, Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the organization, said at the committee meeting.

“Due to the actions of the American side, participation in the session of the committee of the Russian delegation from the capital was actually disrupted. The head of our delegation, Director of the Information and Press Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, received her visa only yesterday afternoon. The remaining two experts do not have visas at all yet,— he said (quote from RIA Novosti). The diplomat called the practice “unacceptable”.

The UN secretary-general's spokesman, Stephane Dujarric, said at a May 4 briefing that the organization had already raised the issue of obtaining US visas for Russian representatives and would continue to do so. “It is important that anyone with business at the UN be given the opportunity to come to the US to attend these meetings,” — Dujarric emphasized.

In November last year, Russia asked UN Secretary-General António Guterres to start an arbitration procedure due to problems with the issuance of visas to Russian diplomats by the United States. The Russian representative in the Sixth Committee of the UN General Assembly, which deals with the consideration of legal issues, Sergey Leonidchenko, pointed out that the Russian delegation has been facing similar problems for more than four years. He said that Washington's actions indicate that the United States is not going to correct the situation. In February 2022, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov made the same demand.

The US State Department noted that “seriously” relate to obligations under the agreement with UN Headquarters. According to the document, it is considered a territory belonging to all states— members of an organization that falls under US judicial jurisdiction. Materials for the article Authors Tags Subscribe to RuTube RBC Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of programs on our RuTube channel

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UN reported 3.1 thousand dead civilians in Ukraine

More than 200 children and more than 700 women were among the dead, and another 1,000 adults who died had no sex determined. The UN believes that the actual figures for civilian deaths in Ukraine are much higher jpg” alt=”The UN reported 3,100 civilian deaths in Ukraine” />

3,153 civilians have been killed in Ukraine since the beginning of the Russian special operation, reports the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

p>

Out of this number 1115— men, 722— women and over 200 children. The gender of another 1090 adults has not been determined. 3316 people were injured, including 324 women and over 300 children.

At the same time, the Office of the High Commissioner believes that the real figures are significantly higher, since the transfer of information from places where active hostilities were fought is difficult. This, for example, concerns Mariupol, Izyum in the Kharkiv region and Popasna in the LPR.

“Most known civilian casualties occurred as a result of the use of explosive weapons with a large area of ​​destruction, including shelling from heavy artillery and multiple launch rocket systems, missile and air strikes,— the message says.

The Russian Ministry of Defense has repeatedly stated that the Russian military strikes exclusively at military targets. At the end of March, a spokesman for the department, Major General Igor Konashenkov, stated that “the unconditional priority of the Armed Forces during the operation is to exclude unnecessary victims among the civilian population.” According to him, special attention is paid to “preserving civilian infrastructure and civilians in Ukraine.”

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources

Read on RBC Pro Pro When is it better to go on vacation so as not to lose money Instructions Pro Delisting Russian companies from foreign exchanges: how it affects stocks How to replace them? Debt Needle” >A week ago, UN Secretary General António Guterres proposed the creation of a joint humanitarian contact group with Moscow and Kyiv. Among other things, it should deal with the organization of safe humanitarian corridors.

The day before, Kyiv asked Guterres to become a guarantor of the evacuation of civilians from Azovstal. in Mariupol. On May 1, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky announced that about a hundred civilians were taken out of the territory of the plant. In two days, from the territory of the Azovstal plant, 126 people came out, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced on May 2.

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Germany sues Italy at UN over Nazi damage dispute

In its lawsuit, Germany claims that Rome will continue to allow victims of Nazi war crimes to submit compensation requests from Berlin, even though the International Court of Justice ruled in 2012 that it was illegal

Germany filed to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Italy due to disputes over compensation for damage caused by the Nazis during World War II, the court said.

“Germany <…> filed an international case against Italy because it (Italy) allegedly failed to respect its (Germany's) jurisdictional immunity as a sovereign state,— The report said.

Germany refers to a 2012 court decision proving that the country has legal immunity from claims in foreign courts from victims of Nazism. However, according to the ruling of the Italian constitutional court of 2014, the obligation to follow the judgment of 2012 depends on the principle of legal protection of fundamental rights in accordance with the constitutional law of the country.

Berlin noted that “the Italian national courts since 2012 have considered a significant number of new claims against Germany in violation of the sovereign immunity of Germany.” In 2014, at least 15 litigation decisions were made regarding claims against Germany due to the “behavior of the German Reich during World War II”, the German lawsuit says.

“In its request, Germany asks the court, in particular, to oblige Italy to guarantee that the German property mentioned in the application will not be put up for public auction until the court decides,” — says in the document. In addition, Berlin wants Rome to give a guarantee to put an end to litigation and fully compensate for the damage already done. axis”, which also included Germany and Japan.

Mussolini was arrested in July 1943, after which the new Italian government concluded a truce with the United States and Great Britain, and also declared war on Germany.

Berlin capitulated on May 9, 1945 at 0:43 Moscow time.

<

Read on RBC Pro Pro You can't do this in a crisis: five ways to derail sales Articles Pro What 5 questions you need to ask an employer at an interview We reflect the attack in the social network Instructions Pro Inflation in Russia shows records. What to Expect Next Pro Articles Enterprise IT Infrastructure Security at Risk: Three Solutions Instructions Pro Bird Flu Ramps in the US and EU: What It Means for the Global Economy Articles Pro Dangerous Language: What Words an Employer Can Be Fined forEarlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law on fines for identifying the USSR and Nazi Germany. The norms provide for liability for violating the prohibition on public identification of “goals, decisions and actions”; leadership and military of the USSR and Nazi Germany, as well as the Axis countries; during World War II. A fine will also be imposed for denying the decisive role of the Soviet people in the victory over Germany.

For the first violation, citizens will receive a fine of 1,000 to 2,000 rubles. or arrest for up to 15 days, officials— a fine in the amount of 2 thousand to 4 thousand rubles, legal entity— from 10 thousand to 50 thousand rubles. In the event of a repeated offense, the amount of the fine will increase, and legal entities may face suspension of activities for up to 90 days.

Prohibition on equating the goals and ideas of the USSR and Germany in World War II “in a public speech, publicly shown work, Mass media or when posting information using the Internet» was introduced on July 1, 2021.

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Moscow is ready to study UN initiatives “to alleviate the suffering of Ukrainians”

Foreign Ministry: Russia is ready to consider UN initiatives to alleviate the suffering of Ukrainians Moscow will take this step if the UN proposals actually contribute to this goal, the Russian Foreign Ministry stressed /s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/8/14/756509976133148.jpg” alt=”Moscow is ready to study UN initiatives “to alleviate the suffering of Ukrainians”” />

Sergey Lavrov and António Guterres (left to right)

Russia is ready to consider specific initiatives from the UN “to alleviate the suffering of civilians in Ukraine.” This is stated in the message of the Russian Foreign Ministry following the talks between Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and UN Secretary General António Guterres.

“Russia is ready to consider specific initiatives, incl. by the UN, to alleviate the suffering of the civilian population in the zone of the special military operation, if they actually contribute to this noble goal, —

Earlier, Guterres said that the UN proposed to create a joint contact group with Moscow and Kyiv to organize safe humanitarian corridors from Ukraine for civilians.

According to him, it is necessary to open humanitarian corridors in Ukraine, which “would really be safe and effective.” and which “would be respected by all for the evacuation of civilians and the delivery of the necessary assistance.”

On April 26, Guterres held talks in Moscow with Lavrov and President Vladimir Putin. In two days, he will visit Kyiv, where he will hold talks with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.

Representative of the UN Secretary-General Farhan Haq said that during the trips, Guterres wants to understand “what progress can be made.” on the situation in Ukraine. «Our goal— ceasefire and improvement of the situation of people in Ukraine»,— he said.

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On April 19, the UN Secretary General called on Russia and Ukraine to a humanitarian truce from April 21 for four days in connection with the celebration of Easter. The pause would open “safe passage for all civilians,” he said. Pope Francis addressed the two countries with a similar request.

First Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Dmitry Polyansky said on April 25 that Moscow does not consider it possible to introduce a ceasefire at present .

“The only benefit it will give is— an opportunity for the Ukrainian armed forces to regroup and arrange more provocations, — he concluded.

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Guterres office: Putin agreed to involve the UN in the evacuation of Azovstal

Photo: kremlin.ru

Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to involve the UN and the ICRC in the evacuation of civilians from Azovstal ;. This was reported in the  office of the UN Secretary-General António Guterres.

The Russian Foreign Ministry said that the Kremlin is ready to consider UN initiatives to alleviate the suffering of the civilian population in Ukraine.

"Russia I am ready to consider specific initiatives, including from the UN, to alleviate the suffering of the civilian population in the zone of the special operation, if they actually contribute to this noble goal,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

Official Representative UN Secretary General Stephane Dujarric said that further discussions on this topic would be held between the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.

Earlier, representatives of the Azov Regiment (recognized as extremist in the Russian Federation and banned) stated that civilians did not leave the territory of the plant, as they feared shelling when trying to evacuate.

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Russia’s Deputy Representative to the UN called a ceasefire in Ukraine impossible

Russian Deputy Representative to the UN Dmitry Polyansky believes that if a ceasefire is introduced, the Ukrainian armed forces may be able to recover and “arrange more provocations”

Dmitry Polyansky

Russia does not consider it possible to introduce a ceasefire regime during the special operation in Ukraine at the present time. Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the UN, told reporters about this. an opportunity for the Ukrainian armed forces to regroup and arrange more provocations, — said Polyansky.

Answering a question about the possibility of an “Easter truce”, which was previously requested by UN Secretary General António Guterres, the Deputy Representative noted: “He asked for an Easter truce, Easter is over.”

Polyansky said that Russia opened humanitarian corridors to get people out of the zones of the special operation, but Ukraine did not use them. “I don’t see any reason for this [ceasefire] right now. <…> There was a call for a ceasefire, we opened humanitarian corridors, Ukraine did not use them. Ukraine is also undermining our efforts to open humanitarian corridors,»,— he added.

Guterres called on April 19 Russia and Ukraine for a humanitarian truce from April 21 for four days in connection with the celebration of Orthodox Easter. According to Guterres, the pause would open “a safe passage for all civilians wishing to leave areas of current and potential confrontation, in coordination with the International Committee of the Red Cross.” Pope Francis addressed the two countries with the same request. He noted that the truce should not be used for rearmament and further resumption of hostilities, but to establish peace through real negotiations.

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Earlier, the representative of the UN Secretary General Stefan Dujarric reported that Guterres was going to meet with Vladimir Putin in Moscow and Vladimir Zelensky in Kyiv. Before meeting with Putin, the secretary general expects to hold talks in Ankara with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The meeting between Guterres and Erdogan is scheduled for April 25, the meeting with Putin and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov— on April 26, with Zelensky and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmitry Kuleba— April 28.

The Ukrainian authorities recognize the work of humanitarian corridors, but say that it is not possible to evacuate people everywhere. Also in Kyiv, they object to the fact that humanitarian corridors are opened for evacuation to the territory of Russia, and not to the Ukrainian regions. Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine Irina Vereshchuk opposed the evacuation of citizens to Russia, which, according to her, is “an unacceptable option.” She noted that Ukrainians would not go to Russia, they would like to go to the west of the country or to the European Union.

The Russian military, when opening humanitarian corridors, announces a complete ceasefire to ensure the safe exit of civilians. The Ukrainian military can use such corridors only after surrendering and laying down their arms.

Vladimir Zelensky calls a ceasefire and a halt to hostilities the main demands of Kyiv in the settlement talks. “There is a question of NATO, let's talk. There is the issue of Crimea, we understand that when there are no shots, let's move on and talk about it. <…> We will talk and we must decide. But after there are no shots and the equipment is withdrawn,— Zelensky said on April 16.

Russia is conducting an operation to “demilitarize” and “denazification” Ukraine since February 24. As stated in the Ministry of Defense, the targets of the strikes of the Russian forces are only military facilities and aviation of Ukraine, and nothing threatens the civilian population. Ukraine, in response to the special operation, declared martial law and general mobilization, and also severed diplomatic relations with Russia.

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Deputy Representative to the UN saw no prospects for negotiations with Ukraine

The creation of a group to discuss humanitarian issues with Kyiv at the initiative of the UN is possible if there are prospects for agreements, the deputy representative said. According to him, there is “no desire for cooperation” on the part of Ukraine.

There are no prospects for negotiations between Russia and Ukraine now, Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the UN, believes. This is how he reacted to the UN call for Moscow and Kiev to meet to discuss humanitarian issues.

“The UN members have made such a proposal before. In principle, they want to find some niche in the settlement, in bringing the positions of the parties closer,— he said on the air of the channel «Soloviev Live» (quote from TASS).

According to Polyansky, this is possible if there are prospects for any agreements between Russia and Ukraine, “I personally don’t see [Prospects] right now, especially in the current situation,” & mdash ; said the diplomat.

The Deputy Representative added that the UN had previously offered trilateral cooperation. However, now, he argues, there is “no desire for cooperation on the part of Ukraine.”

On April 18, UN Deputy Secretary General Martin Griffiths said that the organization had offered Kiev and Moscow to discuss humanitarian issues related to the consequences of Russia's military operation in Ukraine remotely or in person. First of all, these are issues of a ceasefire and the creation of humanitarian corridors. According to Griffiths, Kyiv agreed to the creation of a humanitarian contact group for these purposes, and now the UN is waiting for a response from Moscow.

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In mid-March, the Russian Ministry of Defense stated that “the humanitarian situation in Ukraine, unfortunately, continues to deteriorate rapidly, and in some cities it has become critical.” In particular, the department spoke about the difficult humanitarian situation in Mariupol and Kharkiv, and appealed to the leadership of the UN, the OSCE, the International Committee of the Red Cross and other organizations to “force the Kiev authorities to fulfill their humanitarian obligations.”

The work of humanitarian corridors was discussed, including at the talks of the Russian and Ukrainian delegations in Belarus. Three rounds of meetings were held in this country, then the parties held another face-to-face talks in Istanbul. The rest of the time, negotiations are held online. On April 18, the press secretary of the Russian president, Dmitry Peskov, said that contacts with the Ukrainian side continue at the level of experts, however, “the dynamics of progress” leaves much to be desired.

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The story of a Ukrainian grandmother with the banner of Victory caused a resonance in the UN

First Deputy Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Dmitry Polyansky spoke on the air of the Soloviev Live TV channel about the impression that the video of the Ukrainian military bullying the elderly, who met them with the Banner of Victory, made at the UN.

photo frame from video

Polyansky admitted that after he made these frames public at the UN, he received many questions from colleagues on the sidelines and on the phone what kind of grandmother is this.

“I sent a video, told. This story really resonated here, and I am very glad that it resonated at home too … She (grandmother – ed.) came out with a banner, didn’t cheat, play up… She continued to promote what she believes in… She didn’t take food, she asked to return the banner,” the diplomat said.< /p>

Recall that the incident with the Banner and the grandmother occurred in one of the villages of Ukraine in early April. An elderly couple mistook the fighters of the Armed Forces of Ukraine for the Russian military, and the pensioner even brought out the red Banner of Victory of the Great Patriotic War for their meeting. However, the soldiers took the banner from her, threw her to the ground and began to stomp with the words “Glory to Ukraine.” In response, the grandmother returned the package with canned food to the military, recalling that her parents fought against the Nazis with this flag in their hands.

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Why does the world need the UN: the organization is in deep crisis

The collective security system has not affected anything since the crisis in Yugoslavia

The UN has decided to suspend Russia's participation in the Human Rights Council. Rather, we ourselves suspended our membership in it. We were not removed, but we left. “MK” asked the expert about what is happening with the system of international collective security and what is the role of Russia in this. And most importantly – what awaits us next.

Photo: AP

93 countries voted against Russia's membership in the UNHRC, including the same Serbia, whose support during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999, we so love to remember. And in which they seemed to be one hundred percent sure.

And even if now their president Vucic declares that it was a forced political decision, that they did not want, but they were forced, the result does not really change.< /p>

The very system of international security, on which this world has stood since 1945, is collapsing before our eyes, like a house of cards. Brick by brick. And, I must admit, its dismantling shows that it has not been working very well in recent decades.

All these international institutions for collective security were unable to influence both the start of the special operation in Ukraine and the subsequent sanctions against Russia, which are introduced independently and without regard to these structures.

– Yes, now it has come the absolute crisis of international relations, the war in Ukraine clearly demonstrates the hypocrisy of the parties, no one has real levers to influence any of them in such conflicts. Everyone talked, condemned – and that's it, – believes Marina Silkina, Ph.D. in international law. – Sanctions against Russia are essentially also imposed by specific states, while the UN system is helpless and can neither object nor remove anything.

– It is worth recalling why the UN Charter was adopted and what goals were pursued by the states that registered it. With the adoption of the UN Charter in 1945, the threat or use of force was prohibited, except in cases of individual or collective self-defense and only by decision of the UN Security Council. These norms ensured the relative stability of the world for a long time.

Nevertheless, we see that the geopolitical situation around Ukraine has demonstrated a kind of funnel, drawing many states and conglomerations into the conflict directly or indirectly. It is too early to say what will happen next, but it is safe to say that the international security system will require reform, if it remains the same as before.

– I think that the UN will not dissolve itself because of Russia, it is too big price and risk, it will be difficult to drag such a number of countries into the new organization .. However, as in the European Union, in which there is no agreement today.

– As we all understand, no matter what lofty goals and principles underlie any organization, there is always a risk of serving specific parties to the agreement. Sooner or later, the participants' own interests prevail over collective values, and the process of self-disintegration begins – as they say, one's own shirt is closer to the body. This applies not only to collective security, but to everything in general. Therefore, it is not worth expecting that the UN will now be replaced by something more efficient. There is too much conflict. In everything, not only in politics, but also in the economy. Everyone thinks only of himself.

– Now Russia has ratified the changes under the CSTO collective security agreement, the concept of a coordinating state has been introduced, under the auspices of the UN, the CSTO will be able to participate in peacekeeping missions abroad. Possibly in Ukraine.

In addition, it is worth considering the latest decisions regarding the CSTO: the introduction of the concept of a coordinating state with the ability to participate in peacekeeping missions under the auspices of the UN. A natural question arises – how can a state expelled from the UN Human Rights Council “for systematic violation of human rights” take part in such peacekeeping missions? Perhaps the latest decisions to downplay the importance of Russia in the world are aimed at leveling these efforts.

HELP “MK”:The UN Human Rights Council has been operating since 2006 and consists of 47 members who are elected from the entire composition of the UN states for three years. A country can be elected to the UNHRC for no more than two consecutive terms. The decision to suspend Russia's membership will only apply to the current rotation, that is, until the expiration of Russia's current term on the Council in 2023. Further, the Russian Federation will be able to apply for membership again.

Previously, the membership of one of the participants was suspended only once. In March 2011, a corresponding decision was made with respect to Libya. In November of the same year, its membership on the Council was restored.

Since the UNHRC has only 47 members, most of the UN countries are not currently members of it. There is no permanent membership in the UNHRC. The decisions of this body are not binding, at the same time, the suspension of membership in it does not mean the removal of obligations from the country in the human rights sphere.

Russia was not a member of the council due to the rotational principle of its recruitment in 2017-2019 . The United States, by decision of the previous President Donald Trump, withdrew from the council in 2018 and returned to it after Joe Biden came to the White House.

Источник www.mk.ru

Russia requested a UN meeting because of the provocation of Ukrainian radicals in Bucha

Photo: pixabay.com

In connection with the “blatant provocation of Ukrainian radicals in Bucha” near Kiev, Russia requested a meeting of the UN Security Council at Monday.

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation has already called it a production. Dmitry Polyansky, First Deputy Representative of Russia to the UN, announced this on Telegram.

“We will bring the presumptuous Ukrainian provocateurs and their Western patrons to clean water,” he promised.

Earlier, Kyiv published in the media, a photo and video, which allegedly depicts Ukrainians killed in Bucha by Russians. Experts drew attention to the fact that the “corpses” move their arms and move.

The Russian Defense Ministry called the filming another provocation. UN Secretary General António Guterres called for an independent investigation into the incident.

Источник www.mk.ru

Russia initiates emergency UN meeting on US biolaboratories in Ukraine

Photo by pixabay.com

Vasily Nebenzya, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations, announced that the Russian side intends to initiate an unscheduled meeting of the UN Security Council to discuss the topic of US biological laboratories discovered in Ukraine.

According to the Russian permanent representative, this discussion is necessary in connection with newly revealed facts.

“On March 18, we will urgently request a meeting of the UN Security Council, to discuss again the topic of US biological laboratories in Ukraine, taking into account new documents that came to our disposal during a special military operation,” Nebenzya said.

Источник www.mk.ru

The source called the date of voting at the UN on Russia’s resolution on Ukraine

Photo by pixabay.com

An informed source in the United Nations Security Council told journalists the date on which the vote on the humanitarian resolution proposed by the Russian Federation is scheduled concerning Ukraine.

“Voting will take place in the Security Council on Friday, March 18,” the source said.

Recall that consultations on the text of this humanitarian resolution were held in the UN Security Council on Wednesday, March 16.

Источник www.mk.ru

Russia’s permanent representative to the UN said that the military only guards nuclear power plants in Ukraine

Russian Permanent Representative to the UN Vasily Nebenzya said that the military does not interfere in the process of managing the nuclear power plant in Zaporozhye and Chernobyl, but only guards the stations

Video

The Russian military does not interfere with the work of Ukrainian operators at the Chernobyl and Zaporozhye nuclear power plants. This was stated by Russian Permanent Representative to the UN Vasily Nebenzya, speaking at the UN Security Council.

According to him, the Russian armed forces are only guarding these stations. “Russian servicemen do not interfere in the work of Ukrainian operators, limiting themselves to security”, — said the permanent representative.

The meeting was broadcast by RBC.

According to Nebenzya, the Ukrainian city of Energodar, the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant and the territories adjacent to it were taken under the control of the Russian military February 28.

“Following the results of negotiations with the management of the nuclear power plant, an agreement was reached on its acceptance under Russian military protection. The goal is to prevent <…> nuclear provocation, to ensure the safety of the station, and also to prevent interruptions in the supply of electricity, & mdash; Ambassador said.

He confirmed that, just like at the Zaporizhia station, the protection of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant complex is provided by the Russian military. “The security of its facilities is provided jointly by the Russian armed forces and the Ukrainian operators of nuclear installations,” — he added.

He called reports of Russian military attacks on the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant and a fire at the plant a lie.

On the morning of March 4, the Zaporozhye regional military administration reported that Europe's largest nuclear power plant Zaporizhzhya came under the control of Russian forces. At the same time, the station personnel continued to work and monitor the state of power plants. The radiation background in the area of ​​the plant is normal.

On February 25, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced that the Russian military had reached an agreement with the Ukrainian military personnel of a separate battalion of protection of the nuclear power plant of Ukraine on joint security of the power units and the sarcophagus of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

Russia has been conducting a military special operation in Ukraine since February 24. The Russian Defense Ministry has stated that it does not strike civilian targets.

Источник rbc.ru

The Permanent Representative to the UN announced 1.2 million “discrediting the military operation” fakes

UN Permanent Representative Nebenzya announced 1.2 million fakes “discrediting the military operation” of Russia =”https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/9/70/756460134546709.jpg” alt=”The Permanent Representative to the UN announced 1.2 million fakes discrediting the military operation” />

In social networks, an information war was unleashed against Russia, said the country's permanent representative to the UN Vasily Nebenzya, his words are given on the website of the permanent mission.

“Since there is no evidence of the destruction of civilian infrastructure by the Russian military, Ukrainian strikes and erroneous hits, as well as footage and videos from the Donbass, fixing just the crimes of Ukrainian nationalists, are given as such,” — he said.

The diplomat claims there are “whole tutorials” on social media. to remove “discrediting the military operation” fakes in Ukraine. In total, according to him, “today, 1.2 million such fakes are circulating on Ukrainian social networks.”

“I urge our colleagues not to contribute to the spread of such misinformation, although, I’m afraid, these calls will not be heard again.” ,— added Nebenzya.

In addition, the permanent representative called the reports “about the indiscriminate bombing of Ukrainian cities, hospitals and schools” a lie.

Roskomnadzor demanded that ten Russian media outlets, including Ekho Moskvy, and Novaya Gazeta, to restrict access to unreliable information “about the shelling of Ukrainian cities and the death of civilians in Ukraine as a result of the actions of the Russian army”, as well as to materials in which the military operation is called “attack, invasion, or declaration of war”; .

On February 24, President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a military operation in Ukraine, explaining it as self-defense, as well as “demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine.” At the same time, as he claims, Moscow is not going to occupy a neighboring country and “impose anything on anyone by force.”

Later, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov explained Russia’s actions with a desire to free Ukrainians from “oppression”; and let them “freely determine their future” for themselves.

Источник rbc.ru

Blinken told the UN about Russia’s readiness to launch an invasion in the coming days

Blinken: Russian troops are preparing to launch an invasion of Ukraine “in the coming days” The Secretary of State added that if the invasion does not happen, the US will take it with relief. Blinken also invited Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to meet in Europe next week ” alt=”Blinken told the UN that Russia is ready to launch an invasion in the coming days” />

Anthony Blinken

Russian troops are preparing to launch an invasion of Ukraine in the “coming days,” but if this does not happen, the United States will take it with relief. This was stated by US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken at a meeting of the UN Security Council.

“According to our information, it is clear that these [Russian] forces, including ground troops, aircraft, ships, are preparing to launch an attack against Ukraine in the coming days»,— he said and added that Russia could “create a pretext” before the attack.

In addition, the head of the State Department invited Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to meet in Europe next week, and also confirmed that the United States received Russia's responses on security guarantees. “We received a [Russian] answer today, we are studying it,” — he said.

Since last autumn, Western media and politicians have been accusing Russia of preparing an invasion of Ukraine. More than once, specific dates for the “invasion” were named. So, a week earlier, a Politico source said that US President Joe Biden warned the allies about a possible invasion on February 16th. On this day, Reuters broadcast live from Kiev, but Russian troops remained in their positions. Later, US State Department spokesman Ned Price indicated that the US did not specify a specific time frame for Russia's invasion.

On February 17, Politico again published material in which analysts said that Russia could invade Ukraine after February 20. Biden also said that there are all signs of a Russian invasion of Ukraine in the “next few days.” In addition, the US President noted that he had information about Russia conducting an armed operation “under a false flag”.

The Kremlin has repeatedly denied plans to attack Ukraine, and President Vladimir Putin said that Russia does not want war. “Do we want it or not? Of course not. That is why we put forward proposals for a negotiation process, the result of which should be an agreement on ensuring equal security for everyone, including our country, — said the head of state.

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The Verkhovna Rada called on the UN, PACE and NATO to strengthen sanctions against Russia

Rada appealed to the UN, PACE and NATO because of “Russian aggression” and called for strengthening sanctions img class=”aligncenter” src=”https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/2/86/756449319597862.jpg” alt=”Verkhovna Rada called on the UN, PACE and NATO to strengthen sanctions against Russia”/>

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted a draft resolution on an appeal to the UN, the European Parliament, the Parliamentary Assemblies of the Council of Europe, the OSCE, NATO, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization, the governments and parliaments of foreign states in connection with the escalation of the situation due to Russia's actions.

326 people's deputies voted for the appeal— all groups and factions, except for the Opposition Platform— For life,” notes Liga.net.

The document says that its goal— adoption of joint measures “to frustrate Russia's intentions to implement a military scenario and satisfy its geopolitical ambitions in relations with Ukraine”.

The Ukrainian parliament called on international organizations and governments of other countries:

  • condemn the actions of Russia and its statements aimed at “preparing the basis for the expansion of military and hybrid aggression against the Ukrainian state”;
  • increase sanctions pressure on Russia;
  • strengthen the provision of Ukraine with a comprehensive, including defense assistance:
  • continue support for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine.

Western countries accuse Russia of building up troops near Ukraine and intending to attack a neighboring country. Last week, Kiev called on Moscow to provide detailed clarifications regarding military activities in areas adjacent to Ukrainian territory. Russia did not answer, and Kiev decided to request a meeting with it and the participants of the Vienna Document (among them, in addition to Russia and Ukraine, the USA, Great Britain, Austria, Germany, Turkey, France, the Czech Republic, Sweden). However, Moscow refused to participate in the consultations requested by Kiev.

Russia denies plans to invade and says it moves troops across its territory and at its own discretion. On February 15, the Russian Defense Ministry announced the completion of part of the exercises conducted in the country and the beginning of the return of the military to their places of deployment. Military units of the Southern and Western military districts have started loading and will head to their units.

Last week, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, during a telephone conversation with the head of the European Council, Charles Michel, called on the EU to impose preventive sanctions against Russia “with purpose of deterring the aggressive intentions of the Kremlin. Zelensky has previously spoken about the need for such measures, “so that there is not even a single thought of escalation in any region.”

According to the Axios portal, the Ukrainian leader raised this topic in a conversation with US senators, who came to Kiev in January. The United States is against it, because in this case, according to Washington, the sanctions will lose their deterrent effect.

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Источник rbc.ru

Linguist Nikolai Kazansky: Preservation of the native language requires us to make efforts

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” № 6. Dogs: heroes or outcasts? 09/02/2022

We all need precision in expressing feelings and emotions. And if there is one reaction to everything: “I'm in shock!” — then we cannot distinguish indignation from surprise and irritation.

Scientific Director of the Institute of Linguistic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician Nikolai Kazansky — about things that threaten the Russian language, what words can leave our speech and without which teaching at school is impossible.

A wonderful property of the Russian language

< p>Dmitry Pisarenko, “AiF”: — Nikolai Nikolaevich, it seems that the Russian language still has a high prestige in the world: it is in 4th place in translations, is one of the official languages UN. But does lose       his position? What if it will be excluded from the list of UN languages, given the current geopolitical situation?

Nikolai Kazansky: — The position of the Russian language is still strong, however, not as it used to be. During the Soviet Union, in many European countries, Russian was the first compulsory foreign language in secondary schools. For example, in France there were several public schools with Russian as the first foreign language. This is no longer the case.

For the leadership among the translated publications, we must first of all thank the classics of the 19th century. But in order not to lose this position, it is necessary to maintain interest in our literature, including contemporary literature. The interest and demand for texts is usually comparable within the country and for its borders. In recent years, the volume of books distributed has greatly decreased. Circulations have been greatly reduced, it can be difficult to buy a special book. Modern fiction is translated into other languages ​​quite actively, but Pelevin, Sorokin, Vodolazkin in circulation, I'm afraid they won't catch up soon Tolstoy and Dostoevsky

As for the possible exclusion of Russian from the official languages ​​of the UN, this, of course, will be very bad for world culture. Russia's contribution to it is huge, so this is unlikely to happen. In addition, it has been noticed that when relations between countries become aggravated, interest arises in the language of a potential adversary, based on practical considerations.

— My philologist friend, who lives in USA, just says that Americans have become much more interested in the Russian language than before.

— There's not much to be excited about here. After all, this interest is not at all dictated by what we would like, — not a disinterested passion for the spiritual culture of Russia. It is caused by the desire to get to know the enemy better in order to defeat him and receive the benefit that the winner acquires. That is, this is not some kind of suddenly awakened interest in & nbsp; Russian culture. The end goal is here — take advantage of the fact that, due to political circumstances, people who practically know the language will be in demand. This is how the desire to have a well-paid job is manifested, and not the desire to touch the heights of Russian culture. 

— But the English language no longer needs to gain authority for itself, borrowings from can be found anywhere, including Russian and a lot. Should do worry about it? Will our language digest such an abundance of Anglicisms?

— It will digest, because borrowings into the Russian language have occurred constantly, over the course of centuries, and very many entered the language forever. Foreign words flowed into our speech and adapted to it with their sound and grammar. This ability to absorb borrowings and make them your — wonderful property of the Russian language. Throughout the development of the East Slavic languages, starting with the Russian language, which by the XIV century was divided into Belarusian, Russian and Ukrainian, borrowings were a source of vocabulary replenishment and served to accurately express feelings and thoughts. In  Russian, we can trace this replenishment both by direct borrowings and calques. The  number of the latter includes all compound words on  good-, partly translated from Greek. We can recall the flow of borrowings in Petrine's era, and borrowings in the first years of Soviet power.

As we know, in the 19th century, many borrowings from the French language appeared, and nothing terrible  ;happened. A lot is left (floor, cutletand other), a lot is gone (manto or mantelFew people remember). As for what's left, — who, except for philologists, now remembers that these are borrowings from & nbsp; French? The Russian language will weed out the unnecessary, it's not worth worrying about it.

Will will the “user” survive?

— A about the total penetration of Internet slang? Likes, users, stories, haters — Will they remain in our speech?

— Something will surely remain. Let likethere is no suitable analogue in the Russian language, I think this word will take root. User — hardly , instead of it and now often say user. In general, every younger generation has had and will have its own slang. For example, in the times of my youth, to place and not to place the word iron in meaning yes. "Are will come guests?" — “Iron!” But  many do they use it now? As as the generation grows older, the slang vocabulary disappears by itself, although something remains.

Without a doubt, the Internet has become a very powerful source for the development of written language. It is disturbing that in many cases written culture is giving way to written vernacular. In the previous centuries of Russian culture, the written text was an opportunity for conversations with those who were distinguished by a deep understanding of life's problems and situations. It is unacceptable if everything results in  primitive reactions, labels like the phrase “I in shocked!”. This phrase expresses anything, a whole palette of emotions — surprise, shock, admiration, fear or horror. And after all, it is important for a person to understand sensations — and our own and strangers, it is important to be able to describe them in words. This develops empathy, the ability to empathize. And all this is now replaced by one phrase — “I in shock!”.

— And  you can only respond to with one of two emoticons — happy or sad.

— You you know, I saw condolences end with a crying emoji! Here's what it's come to. There was no  invented emoticon for the word delight. I'm afraid that both the word itself, and the ability denoted by it to admire, may disappear.

Primitive thinking leads to the fact that words in in should never leave from our speech. The things that touch us, and the feeling of being touched by a worthy deed, should not go away. And the word worthy. And it is in danger of disappearing, because social networks do not discuss such a thing as human dignity. This is a complex concept, it cannot be contained in the framework of legislation, but society rests on such basic things as dignity, trust and humanity.

It also worries me that people have begun to talk less, preferring written language. Life is now often replaced by its description, and, as a rule, uninteresting. Discussion is often limited to peers only. It is perfectly normal that such communication exists, but there is also a problem in that conversations between representatives of different generations are fading away. Even in the  family, there is not always time and strength to talk about family experience, especially since the grandson has been sitting in smartphone or computer since three years and has little interest in those who are near he.

Nowhere without Latin

— Love for native language begins not only with family, but and with  schools. Is she coping?

— First  — with the  family, since the school curriculum now almost does not provide for memorizing texts by heart, their pronunciation aloud. The school makes certain efforts despite the formalities of the Unified State Examination, but does not cope completely. It's good that the essays that were removed from the exam program were returned to the school. They are very important for developing the ability to think and analyze independently. It is also important  development of style — not  averaged, but own, allowing the child not to lose individuality.

It is difficult to set the goal of education to develop a taste for the native language. This happens little by little, when you get acquainted with diverse in style and texts in native and in foreign languages. It is the comparison that allows you to understand the beauty of the native language, to evaluate the accuracy of the expression of thought and feelings.

Watching young people, I came to conclusion that they now read about as much as as before, but read predominantly spontaneous texts, not only not passing third-party editing, but and  which the author himself did not bother to re-read.

These texts satisfy the needs of society, also because the philological culture in modern Russia is in an extremely deplorable state. There is a lack of erudition in the texts that make up the golden fund of our culture, there is a lack of the habit of sharing discoveries in this field and discussing good texts. Improving literary and linguistic taste is impossible without well-chosen works and without correlating texts with the whole European culture, including Latin and Greek literature.

I I see a very big problem in training teachers of Russian language and literature in the fact that they are now deprived of familiarity Latin and Ancient Greek languages, which is associated with irresponsible changes in university programs.

The proven system of teacher training, which included classical languages ​​and Old Church Slavonic, is now destroyed. Moreover, if these languages ​​were now introduced in regional universities, there would nobody teach them,because the specialized department of the philological faculty of Moscow State University enrolls only five people a year.

Now only two departments of classical philology have survived, one in Moscow, the other — in Petersburg. Set on them — for 5 students. Two more universities are training specialists in Moscow — RSUH and HSE. In all the mentioned universities, to which Tomsk University can be added, specialists are well trained. Therefore, it is not surprising that graduates continue their education abroad, where, unlike Russia, special philological libraries are properly stocked. Often, when graduates of Moscow State University or St. Petersburg State University graduate, they already receive an invitation to some European university. It turns out that the annual graduation of specialists is catastrophically insufficient: a dozen university teachers for a country with a population of 145 million people and two thousand universities!

In many universities, Latin and Ancient Greek are now taught mainly by enthusiasts who did not have the opportunity to get the right training. Every year in January, they gather at Moscow State University in order to discuss existing problems with colleagues, and to take part in commented readings of Roman writers. Despite the demand for such meetings, they cannot same as a systematic long-term study, which includes not only language classes, but acquaintance with philosophy, history and other aspects of knowledge about the ancient world, without which understanding of the text is not always possible .

— Is can't do without Latin in the modern world?

— Latin in all European countries is taught to a huge number of people — physicians, philosophers, historians, philologists. If future teachers of the Russian language do not get a full-fledged Latin course and although a brief acquaintance with Ancient Greek, the philological culture of our society will remain in a deplorable state.

As for the ancient Greek language, it contains the origins of our spiritual culture. Half of the words relating to the spiritual realm, — tracing paper from ancient Greek. Many don know how many there are in our language. There are they in & nbsp; prosaic, quite everyday areas. Even such a word as insect is a tracing paper both in Latin and in Russian. In Greek it is ἔν-τομα (cf. specialist name entomolog), in Latin — in-secta (cf. insecticides), in Russian — insects.

In conclusion, I would like to remind you that the language — this is a fantastic gift that is given to us just like that, free of charge, by inheritance. This gift must be preserved in order to pass it on to the next generations in all its charm and without significant losses. The Russian language is a European language, and its charm is especially visible against the background of other European languages.

Источник aif.ru

“Change Bridge”. How the spies met to part forever

60 years ago, on February 10, 1962, there was an exchange of the Soviet intelligence officer Rudolf Abelfor Americanpilot Francis Gary Powers. It happened on the Glieniker-Brücke bridge, where in those the years the border between the GDR and West Berlin passed.

It is not surprising that the bridge received the unofficial name “spy”.

There in April 1964, the Soviet spy Konon Molodoy was exchanged for English agent Greville Wynn. And in the following years, several more such exchanges took place. Long before Stephen Spielbergfilmed his “Bridge of Spies”, in & nbsp; 1968, in & nbsp; the USSR released a two-part feature film “Dead Season”, which tells about the work of Soviet intelligence officers. The introductory remarks for the film were delivered by Abel. True, the prototype of the protagonist was not  he, but Young. But the exchange really took place on the bridge.

Save non-ordinary Abel

Rudolf Abel, a Soviet illegal immigrant who had been working in the United States since 1948, was arrested in the summer of 1957 as a result of betrayal. Abel v. USA trial became one of the loudest during the Cold War. Abel retracted his testimony and rejected all attempts by American intelligence agencies to persuade him to cooperate. In the autumn of 1957, the court sentenced Abel, who categorically denied his affiliation with intelligence, to 30 years in prison.

The struggle for his release began immediately after the verdict. Abel has a “cousin” Jurgen Drives, who was in fact a member of the KGB station in East Berlin. Through a lawyer, he established a correspondence with Abel. Since  1958, the Soviet side has been offering options for exchanging Abel for Nazi criminals serving sentences in the USSR, but the Americans did not agree. Events began to develop rapidly after the US U-2 reconnaissance aircraft was shot down near Sverdlovsk on May 1, 1960, and its pilot, Francis Gary Powers, was detained.

“Surprise” from heaven

In August 1960, the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR sentenced Powers to 10 years in prison. The Americans first announced  "the loss of the meteorological service aircraft", and Khrushchev, when he made a statement that an American intelligence officer was shot down, he also didn’t say a word about the fact that the pilot was alive and confesses. So the message about the trial of Powers became a bolt from the blue for the Americans. The wreckage of the aircraft and spy equipment, down to a hollow coin with a poisoned needle and handkerchief with inscriptions in 14 languages: «I bring no evil to your people. If you help me, you receive a reward. The accusation of  Americans that their aircraft were making spy flights over the territory of the USSR was impossible to refute.

But in the            the most improbable theories were put forward in the Western press in this regard. It was said that Powers ignored the order of the command to return to the base and was generally a KGB agent and set it all up. Under these conditions, President Eisenhowerremembered the case of Rudolf Abel. Photos of Abel again flashed in the press, and the New York Daily News newspaper offered to trade Abel for Powers. Similar materials also appeared in other American media. The idea of ​​the exchange was also of interest to the special services of both states. The Americans were well aware that the Soviet career intelligence officer “worth” much more than a simple CIA pilot Powers. In the process of negotiations, in order to somehow balance the exchange, the Soviet side agreed to hand over to the Americans, along with Powers and convicted in GDR and the USSR for espionage Frederick Pryor and  Marvin Makinen .

Interchange points

The date was set and the place of exchange was chosen: February 10, 1962, the Glieniker-Brücke bridge. In the morning, cars drove up to the bridge from                 Powers. On the side of the GDR, the procession was accompanied by a covered van with a radio station, in which just in case, a group of East German border guards took refuge.

Another point of exchange was the checkpoint “Charlie” on Friedrichstraße in Berlin. After receiving a signal that Pryor had already been handed over to the Americans in this place, the main exchange operation began. Officials from both sides met in the middle of the bridge. Abel and Powers were brought there. Along the way, the American accompanying Abel asked him if he was afraid that he would be sent to Siberia. Abel was not afraid. Representatives of the Soviet and  American sides confirmed that these were the people they were waiting for. Abel was then presented with a release document signed by the new U.S. President John F. Kennedyand Attorney General Robert Kennedy. Following this, Abel and Powers each went to their own side of the border.

As for Makinen, who was walking “add-on” to the main exchange, then with the situation was more complicated. The Soviet government was not eager to exchange three American spies at once for one Abel. They decided to hold Makinen until until relations between the USSR and the USA improve. The Americans were forced to agree. Makinen was imprisoned until October 1963 year, when, together with Catholic priest Walter Cishekhe nevertheless left the USSR. In return, the Americans handed over UN secretariat worker Ivan Yegorov and his wife, who were accused of espionage in the United States.

Источник aif.ru

Reuters reveals secret UN report on North Korea’s nuclear program

Reuters: The UN reported the active development of the DPRK's nuclear and missile programs in 2021 According to an independent report prepared for the UN, the DPRK is actively developing its nuclear and missile programs, and also uses cyber attacks on crypto exchanges to steal the necessary funds

North Korea continued to develop nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs throughout the past year, and cyberattacks on cryptocurrency exchanges have become an important source of income for Pyongyang. This is reported by Reuters, citing excerpts from their confidential UN report.

The report was prepared by independent monitors of the sanctions against the DPRK. On February 4, it was presented to the relevant committee of the UN Security Council.

“Although there were no reports of nuclear tests or launches of ICBMs (intercontinental ballistic missiles. — RBC), the DPRK continued to develop its capabilities for the production of nuclear fissile materials»,— said in the report.

According to excerpts from the report, the DPRK “continued to look abroad for materials, technologies and know-how” necessary for the development of infrastructure for nuclear and ballistic missiles. Pyongyang “significantly accelerated” missile tests, Reuters points out.

Independent observers also estimate that between 2020 and mid-2021, as a result of cyber attacks from the DPRK from at least three cryptocurrency exchanges in North America , Europe, as well as Asia, more than $50 million was stolen.

In addition, the report says that the humanitarian situation in the DPRK continues to deteriorate, which may be the result of coronavirus restrictions in the country.

North Korea's nuclear program has been of concern to the world community for many years; its development provoked the imposition of sanctions against Pyongyang by the UN Security Council in 2006. Subsequently, the sanctions were repeatedly expanded.

Since the beginning of this year, the DPRK has already carried out seven launches of ballistic missiles, all of which fell in the Sea of ​​Japan. In this regard, the governments of Japan and South Korea protested and called on Pyongyang to abandon the tests.

In addition, at the end of January, the South Korean military announced that one of the missiles fired by the DPRK exceeded the speed of sound by 16 times and flew about 800 km at a maximum altitude of 2 thousand km. According to Yonhap, this launch was the largest weapons test since the launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) in November 2017.

On January 13, the United States proposed new UN sanctions due to the increase in North Korean missile launches.

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US proposes new UN sanctions over North Korean missile launches

The United States proposed to introduce new UN sanctions for missile launches of the DPRK According to the US Ambassador to the UN, the DPRK has launched six ballistic missiles since September 21 last year. UN sanctions against the DPRK due to missile launches were first introduced in 2006 by Security Council resolution

The US has proposed to introduce new UN sanctions for missile launches of the DPRK, said the country's permanent representative to the international organization Linda Thomas -Greenfield.

“ In addition to today's US State and Treasury sanctions, the United Nations is proposing UN sanctions after North Korea has launched six ballistic missile launches since September 2021, '' & mdash; Thomas-Greenfield wrote on Twitter, noting that each of the launches violates UN Security Council resolutions.

On January 12, the US Treasury imposed sanctions against the Russian company Parsec, its employee Roman Alar, and six North Korean citizens living in Russia and China. US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken blamed Parsec in his statement in participating in the supply of goods to North Korea for its missile program.

On January 11, South Korea announced the DPRK's launch of an “ unknown projectile. '' The Japanese government suggested that North Korea launched a ballistic missile. After that, the DPRK announced that it had successfully tested a hypersonic missile that flew 1,000 km and accurately hit the target.

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On January 5, South Korea and Japan also announced the launch of the DPRK in the side of the Sea of ​​Japan of an unidentified missile, which could be a ballistic missile.

In 2006, the UN Security Council for the first time adopted a resolution condemning the missile tests carried out by the DPRK. The document demanded from all UN members not to allow the import to the DPRK or the export from there of missiles, related materials and technologies that can be used in the production of weapons of mass destruction. Since then, the sanctions of the international organization have been expanded several times.

In 2020, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet called for the weakening or suspension of sanctions against some countries affected by the coronavirus pandemic, including the DPRK.

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Afghan government appoints Acting Representative to the UN

Photo: pixabay.com

The UN reported that the Afghan government has appointed the country's acting representative to the UN, Nasir Ahmad Faik. In this post, he replaced Gulam Isakzya.

“Counselor-envoy Nasir Ahmad Faik became the head of the mission in his capacity,” the message says.

It is specified that the representation of Afghanistan will be increased efforts to develop close cooperation with the UN leadership and other countries to combat the dire humanitarian situation in the country.

Earlier it was reported that the Taliban movement in power in Afghanistan (banned in the Russian Federation as a terrorist organization) made a decision on the prohibition in the country of operations with American currency. The country decided to ban the dollar after its value rose to 114 Afghani.

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US Permanent Representative: Russia “let the world down” by vetoing UN resolution on climate

According to the US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield, the Russian delegation went against the interests of the world community, deciding to block the and Niger, a draft UN Security Council resolution on “Climate and Security.”

In her Twitter, the American diplomat explained that only the UN mitigation of conflicts, peacekeeping and humanitarian aid.

“Russia let the world down when it used its veto against a resolution supported by the majority of UN members,” she said.

In turn, the permanent representative of the Russian Federation at the UN, Vasily Nebenzya stressed that the Russian side opposes the adoption of the Sov According to the UN Security Council resolution linking climate and security issues.

“Russia does not support the creation of a new direction of work of the Security Council, which asserts a generic and automatic link between climate change and international security,” explained Nebenzya.

According to Russian diplomats, the adoption of such a resolution would turn into a time bomb, since any country could be included in the UN Security Council agenda, since there are climate problems everywhere.

Considering this, Russia and India vetoed the project, the Chinese side abstained.

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UN announced the presence of IS in almost all provinces of Afghanistan

The UN envoy to Afghanistan said that representatives of the IS cell are located in almost all provinces of the country and “are becoming more active.” She noted that the Taliban are not able to resist the strengthening of the group

The Taliban in power in Afghanistan; (a terrorist group banned in Russia) is unable to resist the expansion of the Islamic State terrorist group; (IG, banned in Russia) on the territory of the country. The head of the UN mission in Afghanistan, Deborah Lyons, announced this at a meeting of the UN Security Council, reports Reuters.

'Another negative development is the Taliban's failure stop the spread of the Islamic State, & mdash; she said.

According to her, now representatives of IS-Khorasan (an offshoot of the Islamic State operating in Afghan territory) is present in almost all provinces and is becoming increasingly active.

At the same time, Lyons noted that the Taliban in the fight against IS use extrajudicial arrests and killings of those whom the Taliban suspects of links with the Islamic State.

The envoy also said that the deteriorating economic situation in Afghanistan could lead to an increase in the illegal trade in drugs, weapons and people. “ The continued paralysis of the banking sector will push the financial system towards the shadow exchange of money, which will only contribute to terrorism, human trafficking and drug smuggling, '' & mdash; she thinks.

In turn, Russia's Permanent Representative to the UN, Vasily Nebenzya, said that the arrival of Taliban representatives to power did not bring stability to Afghanistan, and new challenges were added to the old problems. “ The new reality that was established in Afghanistan after August 15 did not bring either the Afghans themselves or the international community closer to stabilizing the country, creating on its territory a peaceful, indivisible and free from drugs and crime state. New challenges, connected primarily with the lack of international recognition, '', & mdash; he said.

The Taliban launched an offensive against Afghan government forces after the United States announced the withdrawal of its military contingent from Afghanistan. On August 15, the Taliban captured the country's capital, Kabul, and announced the end of the war with government forces. On the same day, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani fled the country. The Taliban called the restoration of the Islamic Emirate in Afghanistan, a general amnesty and the cessation of drug production as the main directions of their policy.

The Russian side previously promised to support the Taliban in their plans to combat terrorism and eradicate drugs. At the same time, Russian President Vladimir Putin pointed out that the Taliban it won't be easy stop drug trafficking.

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Russia asked the UN to use the arbitration mechanism for US visas

The Russian representative stressed that the country's delegation has been facing problems in issuing American visas for more than four years. He noted that Washington, apparently, is not going to correct this situation

Russia asked UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres to start arbitration due to problems with the issuance of American visas to Russian diplomats. This was announced by the Russian representative in the Sixth Committee of the UN General Assembly (deals with legal issues) Sergei Leonidchenko, reports RIA Novosti.

During the committee meeting, he explained that the Russian delegation has been facing problems for more than four years “ caused by the host state's inadequate fulfillment of its obligations under the Headquarters Agreement. ''

Leonidchenko mentioned visa denials for permanent Russian mission to the UN and delegates from Moscow.

“ Problems with visas and transport restrictions affect not only Russian diplomats, but also Secretariat staff from among the citizens of Russia. Some of them, who have successfully passed the competition for filling international positions, have been unable to enter the United States and start work for years. This is effectively tantamount to declaring them 'unwanted persons', & mdash; he said.

According to Leonidchenko, Washington's actions indicate that the United States is not going to rectify the situation.

The UN-US Headquarters Agreement defines the terms of use of the UN Headquarters, which is located in New York. According to its provisions, the territory of the headquarters belongs to all member states of the organization, while falling under the American judicial jurisdiction.

The ability to resolve disputes through arbitration is spelled out in section 21 of the agreement. It says that issues that cannot be settled through negotiations or other methods are transferred to the arbitration court. The arbitral tribunal must include three arbitrators: one is appointed by the UN Secretary General, the second is & mdash; US Secretary of State, the third is chosen by both sides. If they cannot agree, then & mdash; President of the International Court of Justice (the main judicial organ of the UN).

Mutual pressure between Russia and the United States in the framework of the diplomatic missions continued throughout the year. For example, in April, the United States announced the expulsion of ten Russian diplomats, some of whom Washington considered employees of the Russian special services. Russia responded by adding the United States to the list of unfriendly countries by banning American missions from hiring Russians and other foreigners.

In early August, the United States asked 24 Russian diplomats who were running out of visas to leave the country within a month. Russian Ambassador Anatoly Antonov then announced that almost all of them would be forced to leave without replacement, since the United States “ suddenly '' tightened the procedure for issuing visas. He also noted that Washington, without giving any reason, began to abolish the visas of the spouses and children of diplomats.

Later, the State Department explained that Russian diplomats could apply for a visa extension.

At the end of October, a representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova said that the United States has demanded 55 more Russian diplomats and administrative and technical workers to leave the country in the coming months.

In early November, Antonov said that Russia and the United States were at a “ responsible border ''. their relationship and offered to “ zero out on a reciprocal basis '' all restrictions on diplomatic presence.

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