Russian Ambassador to Germany expressed hope for the launch of Nord Stream 2

At the same time, the diplomat noted that in Germany there is a “political order” not to use gas from Russia and reduce dependence on Moscow

Russian Ambassador to Germany Sergei Nechaev expressed hope that the German authorities will eventually return to the Nord Stream gas pipeline project; 2". The diplomat stated this on the air of Solovyov Live.

“The time will come to return to this project, at least I hope so,”— he said.

According to him, technically the project is completed, the pipes are not only laid, but also filled with process gas. He explained that Nord Stream— 2″ can start supplying gas to Germany at any moment.

“On the other hand, there is a political order not to use gas from Russia in any way, on the contrary, to follow the path of reducing imports from Russia,”— added by Nechaev.

Germany suspends Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline certification February 22, the day after Moscow recognized the independence of the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics.

On February 23, German Economy Minister Robert Habeck allowed the project to be completely stopped. In his opinion, it was wiser not to build the gas pipeline at all, because it turned out to be a “lump of risk”; in the Baltic Sea, and energy policy “should be assessed from a security policy and geopolitical perspective.” On the same day, US President Joe Biden instructed his administration to impose sanctions against the project.

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The Kremlin expressed hope that the suspension of certification by the German regulator would be temporary. At the same time, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak did not rule out that Moscow had the right to respond to the refusal to certify Nord Stream 2 stopping the flow of gas through Nord Stream 1.

The Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline consists of two strings of pipes with a length of about 1200 km. Their total power— 55 bcm m of gas per year. The preliminary decision to start construction of the gas pipeline with the participation of an international consortium, which included ENGIE, OMV, Royal Dutch Shell, Uniper and Wintershall, was made in 2012. The construction of the gas pipeline was completed in September 2021.

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The Russian Embassy announced a decrease in cases of discrimination against Russians in Germany

The flow of allegations of discrimination from Russian citizens living in Germany has decreased significantly since the start of the special operation in Ukraine, RBC was told at the Russian Embassy in Germany

Entrance to the sports hall of the German-Russian Lomonosov school after the arson in Berlin

Potok statements from Russian citizens facing discrimination in Germany since the beginning of Russia's military special operation in Ukraine has decreased significantly, RBC was told in the press service of the Russian Embassy in Germany. Earlier, the diplomatic mission opened a special feedback channel in the form of a separate e-mail box, which received messages from citizens about incidents that happened to them.

“Currently, the flow of applications has decreased significantly. We associate this with the effectiveness of our efforts to attract the attention of the German authorities, law enforcement agencies of the FRG and the public to this problem, as well as statements by prominent German politicians about the inadmissibility of such manifestations, — said the press service of the embassy. As noted in the diplomatic mission, since February 24 “there has been a sharp surge in cases of discrimination against our compatriots in Germany.”

“It was, in particular, about assault and damage to property,“ mobbing ” (bullying — RBC) at workplaces and educational institutions, including children, insults and threats. The Federal Office of the Criminal Police of Germany recorded about 200 illegal acts against Russian-speaking citizens per week, — explained at the embassy.

The embassy added that they are also closely monitoring the situation with the desecration of Soviet memorials. “For all cases of vandalism and desecration of Soviet military memorials in Germany, the Russian Embassy sends notes of protest to the German Foreign Ministry, as well as letters to local authorities. The consequences are promptly eliminated. Memorial security has been strengthened. The police respond professionally,— told RBC in the diplomatic mission.

On April 28, the German sociological service Medien Dienst Integration published a study titled “Hostile Actions in Connection with the War in Ukraine”, in which it indicated that since February 24, according to the federal police, about 1,700 hostile actions have been recorded in Germany, according to the federal police. Among them were the most cases of damage to property, including broken shop windows, punctured car tires and graffiti on buildings. The crimes were directed against people or businesses, including individuals of Ukrainian and Russian origin and their businesses. In some cases, actions were directed against immigrants from Belarus. The study notes that since February 24, many messages about discrimination against the Russian-speaking population have been published on social networks, but a significant part of them turned out to be false.

In early April, the Federal Office for the Protection of the German Constitution warned against targeted disinformation campaigns exaggerating the scale of hostilities against people of Russian origin. The Tagesspiegel, in turn, reported 16 cases of vandalism against Soviet memorials in Berlin, including in Treptow Park.

In early April, German Interior Minister Nancy Feiser spoke out against discrimination against Russian-speaking people in Germany. “A terrible war of aggression against Ukraine” This is Putin's war. This is not a war of people with Russian roots who live in Germany. We strongly oppose hostility or discrimination against people because of their Russian origin or language, — she told the DPA agency. The minister stressed that the department “will protect every person in Germany and every object equally.”

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Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Secretary General Mario Chaia urged Germans with Russian roots to contact his office if they encounter discrimination. I see with alarm that there are attacks on Russian shops and a Russian-German school in Marzahn-Hellersdorf (administrative district of Berlin. — RBC). There are graffiti on the walls of the houses, such as “Russian shop”; and “military officials”. Russian-speakers are bullied in the subway. Together we must respond to this smoldering intra-German conflict at an early stage and take countermeasures before the child falls into the well. he said.

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Germany warns of increase in gas prices due to Russia’s retaliatory sanctions

Russia approved the sanctions list, which included the former “daughters” of “Gazprom”. According to the head of the Ministry of Economy of Germany, due to sanctions, Germany will be forced to conclude new contracts for the supply of gas, possibly at a higher price

Russian retaliatory sanctions against Gazprom Germania GmbH and its subsidiaries mean the need to conclude new contracts, possibly at higher prices, said the Vice-Chancellor of Germany, Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habeck in the Bundestag, reports FAZ.

“Inclusion in the sanctions lists” subsidiaries ” Gazprom Germania means they have to re-conclude supply contracts. These contracts will probably be awarded at higher prices,— said the deputy head of government.

According to Habek, Russia's sanctions deprived Germany of 10 million cubic meters. m of gas per day, but the German government has already developed a plan to replace supplies.

RBC sent a request to a representative of Gazprom.

In early May, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on Russia's response to the sanctions. The document says that they are introduced in order to protect the national interests of the country and in response to unfriendly and contrary to international law actions of the United States and its affiliated states aimed at “illegal deprivation” of or restriction of property rights to Russia, Russians and Russian legal entities.

On May 11, the Russian government approved a list of foreign companies subject to retaliatory Russian sanctions. The list includes former Western subsidiaries; Gazprom, including Gazprom Germania. This company manages the former European assets of Gazprom, which are also included in the sanctions list: Gazprom NGV Europe, Wingas, Astora, Gazprom Marketing & Trading, Vemex and others.

It is forbidden to make transactions with sub-sanctioned enterprises, including those that involve the entry into Russian ports of ships associated with these legal entities, as well as making payments and transactions with securities in favor of these companies.

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At the end of March, Germany introduced the first of three levels of emergency warning regime in gas supply. It involves the maximum reduction in consumption and monitoring the situation on the gas market.

The first level of the emergency prevention regime is introduced if there are signs of a future deterioration in the gas supply situation. If they are implemented, a second level is introduced. The third is announced in case of a significant disruption of gas supply. In this case, the government takes measures to provide gas to citizens, hospitals, fire services and the police.

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Scholz said that Russia forced Germany to supply weapons to Ukraine

Germany is helping Ukraine as Russian President Putin has “endangered peace in Europe,” German Chancellor Scholz stressed

Olaf Scholz

Russia leaves Germany no choice but to supply weapons to Ukraine. This was stated by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz at the congress of the Association of German Trade Unions, M & uuml; nchner Merkur reports.

“[Russian President Vladimir] Putin leaves us no other choice,” he said. According to Scholz, the Russian leader endangered peace in Europe, so Berlin is helping Kyiv.

The German chancellor stressed that Putin violated the principle of inviolability of borders in Europe “for his revanchist project of creating a Russian empire.” If Berlin had accepted this, it would have strengthened Moscow even more, Scholz concluded.

The day before, the German Chancellor assured that the country would not make any decisions in which NATO would take part in the conflict in Ukraine.

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At the end of April, the lower house of the German parliament supported by a majority a document calling on the government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine.

However, Scholz felt that Berlin should not make hasty decisions to send heavy weapons to Ukraine. He noted that Germany will not supply Western-made battle tanks to Kyiv until the United States and allies do so.

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Also, the Chancellor's policy on this issue was criticized by the Ambassador of Ukraine Andriy Melnyk. So, he considered that Germany made a decision too late to transfer Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (ZSU) to Kyiv.

By the end of April, Germany delivered 2.5 thousand anti-aircraft missiles to Ukraine, 900 anti-tank grenade launchers with 3,000 rounds of ammunition, 100 machine guns and 15 bunker launchers with 50 rockets, 100,000 hand grenades, 2,000 mines and over 16 million rounds of ammunition.

Russia has repeatedly warned Western countries that convoys with such cargoes on the territory of Ukraine will become legitimate targets for the Russian military.

Speaking at the Victory Parade on May 9, Putin called the operation in Ukraine the only way to forestall aggression against his own territory and recalled that Moscow offered Washington and NATO to agree on security guarantees.

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Reuters reported on the preparation of Germany’s plan in the event of a Russian shutdown of gas

It may include gas consumption rationing, primarily for households, as well as economic support measures for enterprises, including loans and guarantees

Germany is developing an action plan that it will implement if Russia suddenly decides to cut off gas supplies, Reuters reports, citing sources.

As one of the possible measures, the rationing of gas consumption is called, and the first may be obliged to limit the use of gas by households, and not industry, the agency writes. According to him, this will mean a change in the current policy, according to which in such cases enterprises are the first to be subject to restrictions.

Reuters sources also say that Berlin will support the provision of additional loans and guarantees to companies involved in the energy sector in order to support them in the face of rising prices. In addition, the government can “take under the wing” critical companies such as oil refineries.

Germany is approaching the limit of the sanctions it can impose without sending its economy into a spiral fall, the sources said. According to them, even those members of the ruling coalition who support sanctions pressure on Russia are afraid to impose a ban on gas supplies.

According to one of the sources, the heads of the largest companies in the German industrial sector asked the government not to refuse gas from Russia. Another interlocutor clarified that the business assured the country's leadership that it would independently reduce ties with Russia, but asked “not to force it to do it immediately.”

In late March, Germany introduced the first of three levels of the warning regime gas emergency. It involves the maximum reduction of gas consumption and monitoring the situation on the gas market.

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The first level of the emergency warning regime is introduced if there are signs of a future deterioration in the gas supply situation. If they are implemented, a second level is introduced. The third level is introduced in case of a significant disruption of gas supply. In this case, the government takes measures to provide gas to citizens, hospitals, fire services and the police.

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Germany warns of worst famine since World War II

German Minister Schulze warns of the worst famine since World War II The world is facing “the worst famine since World War II” due to drought, the coronavirus pandemic and the conflict in Ukraine

The drought, the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic, and the fighting in Ukraine threaten to exacerbate the situation of hunger around the world. This was stated in an interview with Bild by the Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany, Svenja Schulze. According to her, food prices around the world have risen by a third and are at a record level.

“The World Food Program estimates that 300 million people in the world suffer from hunger, and these estimates are constantly adjusted upwards. The bitter news is that we are facing the worst famine since the Second World War with millions of deaths, — she said.

Since the beginning of the conflict in Ukraine, world food and fertilizer prices have risen by an order of magnitude. So, in March, food prices rose by 12.6%, to 159.3 points, which was a record for almost 30 years— since 1990, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This dynamics was the result of a significant rise in prices for vegetable oils (by 23.2% in March versus February) and grain crops (by 17.1%).

Russia and Ukraine— one of the largest suppliers of grain in the world, follows from the data of the foreign agricultural service of the US Department of Agriculture. In the 2021/22 season, which began in July, Russia accounted for 16% of world wheat exports, Ukraine— 10%.

According to the FAO, almost 50 countries depend on food supplies from Russia and Ukraine, which provide at least 30% of their wheat import needs with their help.

Earlier, UN Secretary-General António Guterres also warned that the world could face a food crisis. He called for the return of fertilizers and products from Russia, Belarus and Ukraine to world markets.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky warned in late March of the risk of food shortages. He pointed out that the current situation hinders the sowing campaign. “The most terrible will be the famine that is approaching for different countries,” — he emphasized.

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The President of Germany spoke about a “nightmare” instead of a dream of a “European home”

Germans remember the horrors of World War II and the genocide, Steinmeier said. After 1945, there was hope in Europe that politicians would not allow a recurrence of hostilities, but now that dream has failed, the German president said media/img/9/24/756520064383249.jpg” alt=”The President of Germany announced a “nightmare” instead of a dream of a “European home”” />

Frank-Walter Steinmeier

The Russian military operation has become a turning point of the era that threatens the existence of Ukraine, European society is amazed by what is happening, said German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier in his speech at the congress of the Association of German Trade Unions (DGB). The words of the German President are transmitted by his press service.

Since the end of World War II, May 8 has been a day of gratitude to the allies from the West and East for the victory over Nazism, the date has also become a day of remembrance and edification, Steinmeier said, pointing out that the people of Germany remember the “merciless war of annihilation waged by the Germans in Eastern Europe". He assured that Germany honors the memory of the sufferings of the peoples of the Soviet Union and the victims of persecution, hatred and violence.

With regard to the post-war reconstruction of Europe, the German president continued, May 8 was also a day of hope, since the survivors of the war believed that no one would resort to hostilities to resolve political issues. He recalled the Helsinki Final Act of 1975, with the signing of which the USSR, the USA and all European countries confirmed the inviolability of borders on the continent.

“Generations of politicians worked to ensure that“ never again ” also meant “never again war in Europe”. Mikhail Gorbachev gave us a vision on the way to a common European home. But today, May 8, the dream of a common European home has failed: a nightmare has come in its place. It's May 8— day of the war»,— said Steinmeier.

About a month ago, in mid-April, Steinmeier called the normalization of relations with Russia under President Vladimir Putin an impossible scenario. “In my opinion, one thing is clear: under Putin there can be no return to normal life with Russia,” — said the German president. He added that “war crimes in Ukraine” seen by people around the world, they must be investigated, and those responsible must be punished.

May 8 is Anti-War Day in Germany. “On May 8, 1945, World War II in Europe ended with the unconditional surrender of the German Wehrmacht and liberation from National Socialism. Surrender was a liberation that paved the way for a new beginning in Germany and Europe. cites the Federal Agency for Civic Education (Politische Bildung) a certificate from the Hessian State Center for Political Education.

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“Close ties” the German president with Russia became the reason for the refusal of the Ukrainian authorities to visit Kyiv, Bild sources said in mid-April. “He is not welcome in Kyiv now”, — an unnamed Ukrainian diplomat told the newspaper. Later, these data were confirmed by the President of Germany, indicating that he was ready for a trip to the Ukrainian capital. “But, apparently, and I must admit this, they didn’t want this in Kyiv,” — he concluded.

The refusal of the German president to visit Kyiv caused a sharp reaction in Berlin. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz called the actions of the Ukrainian authorities “irritating”, calling for the president of the republic to be received. Scholz later stressed that the issue had become a problem and that he had no intention of visiting the Ukrainian capital until Steinmeier was there. Berlin provides Kyiv with military and financial support, and therefore “you can’t say: the president cannot come,” Scholz is sure.

In early May, Steinmeier spoke by phone with Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky, as a result of which the parties eliminated “annoying factors,” said the press service of the German politician. “The two presidents agreed to remain in close contact,” — It was said in the message.

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Welt reported that Germany did not have ammunition for the tanks promised to Kyiv

According to the publication, the supply of ZSU “Gepard” to Ukraine was suspended on May 3, after the authorities were unable to obtain “suitable ammunition”

Delivery of German Gepard tanks promised to Ukraine; was suspended due to lack of necessary ammunition. This is reported by Welt, citing sources in the Ukrainian government.

According to the interlocutors of the publication, the supply of “Cheetahs” postponed indefinitely after the German authorities failed to obtain “suitable ammunition for the tank” on 3 May.

Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft gun; (or “air defense tank Cheetah”) was developed in 1963 on the basis of the main German tank “Leopard-1”. In 1973, the car was put into service and entered mass production.

“Cheetah” armed with two 35-mm cannons with an effective firing range of 5.5 thousand km. Also, blocks of smoke grenade launchers are installed on both sides of the tower. In total, about 570 SPAAGs of this type were produced.

Before the start of the Russian military operation, Germany refused to transfer weapons to Ukraine, but then changed its position. On February 26, Berlin decided to transfer 1,000 Panzerfaust anti-tank missiles and 500 Stinger missiles to Kyiv. In addition, the German authorities approved the transfer of 400 German-made anti-tank guns from the Netherlands and nine D-30 howitzers and ammunition from Estonia.

On April 26, the three ruling parties in Germany submitted a draft statement calling on the government to ” ;expanding the supply of heavy weapons and complex systems, for example through a circular exchange, without jeopardizing Germany's ability to defend the alliance (NATO).

On the same day, the head of the German Ministry of Defense, Christine Lambrecht, announced the decision to supply Ukraine with 50 Gepard-type anti-aircraft self-propelled guns. She also spoke in favor of training Ukrainian instructors. The Bundestag approved the delivery of heavy weapons to Ukraine on April 28. The corresponding statement was supported by 586 deputies out of 693 who voted, 100 voted “against”, seven abstained.

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Ambassador criticized Germany’s “sluggish policy” towards Ukraine

Ukraine needs immediate support and modern weapons, but the German government is “still fighting with itself” and “justifying its inaction”, says Ambassador Andriy Melnyk

Andrey Melnyk

The German authorities are not doing enough to support for Ukraine, Andriy Melnyk, Ukrainian ambassador to Germany, said in an interview with Bild.

According to the diplomat, the fact that not a single representative of the federal government of Germany has visited the country since the beginning of hostilities points to « the sluggishness of German politics».

Melnik believes that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz prefers to act like his predecessor, Angela Merkel: “wait and see, and then decide” or not. “What is missing is imagination and courage. Many Germans would like to have an active chancellor, — he said.

The ambassador clarified that his criticism does not concern Scholz personally, but the entire German government. In the situation in which Ukraine finds itself, quick solutions are needed, but “Germany is still fighting with itself.” “The federal government is very good at finding excuses and making absurd excuses for its inaction,” — Melnik said.

In particular, according to Melnik, Germany made a decision too late to transfer Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (ZSU) to Ukraine. Berlin is moving “in the right direction,” but that's not enough, the diplomat said. He pointed out that the installations are already 40 years old, and Kyiv needs more modern weapons. Ukraine needs supplies of 88 Leopard tanks, 100 Marder infantry fighting vehicles, self-propelled howitzers and “much more”.

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On April 28, the Bundestag overwhelmingly adopted a document calling on the government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine. unions (CDU/CSU). Only “Alternative for Germany” opposed (AfD) and the “Left”.

A few days before the vote, CDU chairman Friedrich Merz accused Scholz of “lost precious time.” on the issue of arms supplies to Ukraine, as a result of which he lost public confidence. According to the opposition leader, the chancellor “is no longer perceived as a person with a strong and strategic mind.”

Since the beginning of the military conflict, Scholz has been against the supply of heavy weapons to Kyiv, at the same time, the chancellor says that Russia is not should win in Ukraine. He calls on Moscow to conclude a truce, withdraw troops and start peace talks with Kyiv.

Russia has repeatedly warned Western countries about the consequences of transferring weapons to Ukraine. In particular, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that convoys with such cargo on the territory of Ukraine would become legitimate targets for the Russian military.

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Germany sues Italy at UN over Nazi damage dispute

In its lawsuit, Germany claims that Rome will continue to allow victims of Nazi war crimes to submit compensation requests from Berlin, even though the International Court of Justice ruled in 2012 that it was illegal

Germany filed to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Italy due to disputes over compensation for damage caused by the Nazis during World War II, the court said.

“Germany <…> filed an international case against Italy because it (Italy) allegedly failed to respect its (Germany's) jurisdictional immunity as a sovereign state,— The report said.

Germany refers to a 2012 court decision proving that the country has legal immunity from claims in foreign courts from victims of Nazism. However, according to the ruling of the Italian constitutional court of 2014, the obligation to follow the judgment of 2012 depends on the principle of legal protection of fundamental rights in accordance with the constitutional law of the country.

Berlin noted that “the Italian national courts since 2012 have considered a significant number of new claims against Germany in violation of the sovereign immunity of Germany.” In 2014, at least 15 litigation decisions were made regarding claims against Germany due to the “behavior of the German Reich during World War II”, the German lawsuit says.

“In its request, Germany asks the court, in particular, to oblige Italy to guarantee that the German property mentioned in the application will not be put up for public auction until the court decides,” — says in the document. In addition, Berlin wants Rome to give a guarantee to put an end to litigation and fully compensate for the damage already done. axis”, which also included Germany and Japan.

Mussolini was arrested in July 1943, after which the new Italian government concluded a truce with the United States and Great Britain, and also declared war on Germany.

Berlin capitulated on May 9, 1945 at 0:43 Moscow time.

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For the first violation, citizens will receive a fine of 1,000 to 2,000 rubles. or arrest for up to 15 days, officials— a fine in the amount of 2 thousand to 4 thousand rubles, legal entity— from 10 thousand to 50 thousand rubles. In the event of a repeated offense, the amount of the fine will increase, and legal entities may face suspension of activities for up to 90 days.

Prohibition on equating the goals and ideas of the USSR and Germany in World War II “in a public speech, publicly shown work, Mass media or when posting information using the Internet» was introduced on July 1, 2021.

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The United States began to train the Ukrainian military in the handling of armored vehicles in Germany

According to Kirby, the training of the Ukrainian military will come at the expense of a military aid package recently approved by the United States for Kyiv

The Pentagon has begun training Ukrainian servicemen in Germany on how to handle key Western weapons systems supplied to Kyiv, including radar stations and armored vehicles. This was stated by the press secretary of the US military department John Kirby, the broadcast was hosted by the El País YouTube channel.

“Today I can announce that the United States has begun training the Ukrainian armed forces to use key systems [weapons ] at the US military bases in Germany»,— he said.

According to Kirby, these exercises will be a continuation of previous training for the use of artillery pieces, which was carried out “in other places.” At the same time, they will also include training in handling new radar stations and armored vehicles, which were recently included in the US military aid package to Kyiv.

Also, a Pentagon spokesman said that Washington does not use private military companies in Ukraine, and that the American killed there was not related to the US Armed Forces.

According to the Pentagon, within two months of the start of the military operation in Ukraine, Washington has provided about $3.4 billion in security assistance to Kyiv. On April 22, the administration of US President Joe Biden announced the provision of a new $800 million will include tactical drones, howitzers and artillery shells for them.

On April 28, Biden turned to Congress with a request to allocate another $33 billion for these purposes: $20 billion should go to armaments and equipment for military personnel, as well as the purchase and supply of other military equipment, $8.5 billion— for direct economic support, $3 billion— for humanitarian aid and food security.

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In turn, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said earlier that the Bundeswehr had exhausted the limit of arms supplies to Ukraine from its reserves. At the same time, the Bundestag on the eve of the majority supported the document calling on the government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine.

The Kremlin considers the supply of weapons to Ukraine a destabilizing factor that will not contribute to stability and order in this country. Russian Ambassador to the United States Anatoly Antonov pointed out that a significant part of the weapons could fall into the hands of “bandits, Nazis, terrorists and criminals.” On April 25, Moscow also sent a note to Washington demanding to stop supplying weapons to Kyiv.

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Politico learned that Germany supported the ban on imports of uranium from Russia

Germany supported a ban on the import of Russian uranium. Problems with the harmonization of sanctions against the Russian nuclear industry may arise due to the dependence of Eastern European countries on Russian fuel, writes

Development of the uranium deposit

Germany supported the imposition of sanctions on the import of uranium and components for civil nuclear industry from Russia, Politico reported, citing five unnamed EU diplomats.

According to them, the EU ambassadors and the European Commission discussed sanctions against Russia's nuclear industry this week. Representatives of Poland and the Baltic countries called for restrictions most of all. Meanwhile, the German ambassador announced that the country supports a phase-out of Russian oil, price caps and a ban on the import of Russian uranium.

One of the European diplomats noted that it is important for Germans, Austrians and other Europeans to reduce energy dependence on Russia, so the ban on the import of nuclear fuel “is not a problem for them.” In addition, Germany opposes nuclear energy in general, plans to shut down nuclear power plants before the end of the year and tries to dissuade other countries from investing in nuclear energy, writes Politico.

It is not yet clear when the EU may impose sanctions against the nuclear industry. This is due to the fact that some countries are concerned about nuclear safety and the need to observe certain precautions that will appear after the introduction of restrictions, said one of the senior EU diplomats.

Sanctions could seriously affect the nuclear industry of the European Union, since Russia is the second largest supplier of uranium to the countries of the block. According to Politico, this factor could become sensitive for France, which receives more than 70% of its energy from nuclear power plants, plans to increase their number, and also cooperates with Roscosmos. through the “daughter” in Paris.

However, the country is not dependent on Russian uranium, Politico clarified. French energy giant EDF, which runs the nuclear power plant, said it had a diversified supply. Nuclear fuel supplier Orano has suspended cooperation with Russia and indicated that Russian orders account for less than 0.1% of all deliveries.

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European diplomats drew attention to the fact that strong resistance to nuclear sanctions could come from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Finland, Bulgaria, Romania and Slovakia. The fact is that these countries have Russian-made reactors that cannot operate on fuel of a different origin. 100% dependence on supplies from Russia was indicated by the Slovak Secretary of State for Energy Karol Galek. He spoke about the negotiations between the dependent countries and the American supplier Westinghouse, but admitted that the production of the required fuel could be ensured at least two years later.

In early March, sanctions against the state corporation Rosatom began to consider the administration of US President Joe Biden, Bloomberg wrote, citing sources familiar with the discussion. At that time, the White House consulted with nuclear energy experts about the consequences of such restrictions.

The agency drew attention to the fact that Rosatom; and his “daughters” provide 35% of the world's uranium enrichment. From the report of the corporation for 2020, it followed that the main participants in the global market for uranium conversion services, along with the company, are Orano (France), Cameco (Canada) and ConverDyn (USA).

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Reuters learned about Germany’s intention to transfer self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine

Reuters: Germany, following the US and the Netherlands, will send self-propelled howitzers to Kyiv Earlier, the United States announced its intention to transfer heavy weapons to Ukraine, including howitzers. The authorities of France and the Netherlands also spoke about the supply of self-propelled howitzers to Kyiv. “Reuters learned about Germany's intention to transfer self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine” />

Self-propelled howitzer Panzerhaubitze 2000

German authorities may supply self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine. This was reported by Reuters, citing a source in the security services.

“Germany is considering sending self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine. Berlin discussed this issue with the Dutch government, — The agency reports.

Earlier, the Welt am Sonntag newspaper, citing sources in the Ukrainian ruling circles, wrote that the German company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) was ready to send 100 Panzerhaubitze 2000 self-propelled howitzers to Kyiv for €1.7 billion .

The fact that the Dutch authorities are transferring their long-range armored self-propelled howitzers to Ukraine was reported on April 20 by Bloomberg. We are talking about German-made Panzerhaubitze 2000 howitzers.

Then the publication noted that the German authorities did not want to transfer heavy weapons to Ukraine, fearing to deplete the reserves of the national army and irritate Moscow. “However, Berlin supports the transfer [by Holland of howitzers] and intends to train the Ukrainian military to operate these large machines on Polish or German soil,” — wrote Bloomberg.

Also, according to the publication, Germany promised to supply Ukraine with 155-millimeter shells for these 61.5-ton tracked howitzers, which Bloomberg calls “the heaviest ground warfare systems.”

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Firing range Panzerhaubitze 2000— from 35km to 67km. The maximum range is achieved when firing missiles.

On April 21, the United States announced the delivery of additional military aid to Ukraine, including 72 howitzers and 121 Phoenix Ghost tactical drones. For American howitzers, 144 thousand shells and 72 tactical vehicles for towing will also be sent to Ukraine. In addition, Kyiv will receive field equipment and spare parts.

US President Joseph Biden announced a new aid package to Kyiv. According to him, the security assistance package is estimated at $800 million, Washington will allocate another $500 million as direct economic support.

French President Emmanuel Macron announced on April 22 the transfer to Ukraine of 155-millimeter self-propelled artillery guns Caesar and Milan anti-tank missile systems. As the French publication Ouest-France learned, France will transfer 12 of these guns, which are currently used by the French armed forces. Caesar systems are capable of hitting targets at a distance of 40 km.

French howitzers will be handed over to Ukraine following the transfer of 155-mm howitzers and Panzerhaubitze 2000 from the Netherlands to the United States.

Russian authorities have repeatedly criticized the actions of Western states, accusing them of “pumping” Ukraine weapons. Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov noted that Western weapons cannot “stop the offensive”; and will not prevent Russia from achieving the goals of the special operation.

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Weapons from Germany for Ukraine turned out to be with a lot of flaws

Shells are collected from the world one by one

The Bundestag, the lower house of the German parliament, has approved by an absolute majority a resolution requiring the government to strengthen support for Ukraine, including the supply of heavy weapons. The appearance of the document was preceded by an intense political struggle, and there is reason to believe that it is still far from over.

Photo: AP

Germany's largest opposition party, the Christian Democratic Union, has severely criticized Chancellor Olaf Scholz and his ministers for their “Ukrainian” policies. The Cabinet was blamed for indecision, slowness and even incompetence, which, according to the CDU, was manifested primarily in the unwillingness to provide the Armed Forces of Ukraine with what is commonly called heavy or offensive weapons (tanks, self-propelled artillery mounts, air defense systems, helicopters, etc.). etc.) from the arsenals of the Bundeswehr.

Moreover, this criticism found more and more sympathizers in the very camp of power, which, we recall, consists of three parties – the SPD, the Greens and the Free Democratic Party. Because of the “armoral” colors of these political forces in Germany, the government coalition is called the “Traffic Light”.

The matter could well have ended with the collapse of the “Traffic Light”, and, accordingly, the collapse of the cabinet. And in a very short term. But in the end, the parties came to a compromise: the draft approved on Thursday bears the signatures of the leaders of four parliamentary factions – all three “semaphore” and their main opponent, the CDU.

But like any compromise, this decision leaves room for maneuver for the parties to the agreement. The resolution entitled “Protection of Peace and Freedom in Europe – Comprehensive Support for Ukraine” indeed requires the Cabinet of Ministers to “continue and, if possible, accelerate the supply of necessary equipment to Ukraine” and “expand the supply of heavy weapons and complex systems.” However, with an important caveat: this should not “endanger Germany's defense capability”.

The “circular exchange” was named as the most suitable, expedient scheme for such supplies: the states of Central and Eastern Europe provide Ukraine with Soviet-style heavy weapons, and in return Germany produces and supplies modern analogues to partner countries.

There is nothing new here: the “circular exchange” was initiated by the government itself and began to be implemented before the appearance of the resolution. Two arguments were put forward as justification. First, since such weapons are well known to the Ukrainian military, they can be used immediately: there is no need to organize training. There will be no big problems with spare parts and ammunition either.

Secondly, the government says, there are no extra weapons in the Bundeswehr “bins”. If the first argument is practically not questioned, then Scholz's opponents consider the second an excuse. Which may not be entirely fair.

According to a recent admission by German Defense Minister Christine Lambrecht, of the 350 Puma infantry fighting vehicles in service with the Bundeswehr – today the main German infantry fighting vehicle – only 150 are in good condition. With helicopters, the situation is even worse: out of 51 “Tigers” (Eurocopter Tiger, an attack helicopter of a joint German-French development), only nine can get off the ground.

Ammunition is also a problem. Indicative in this sense is the story of the Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft gun. The decision to supply Ukraine with this withdrawn 10 years ago from service, but still quite combat-ready equipment, taken at the beginning of the week by Olaf Scholz, is considered a turning point in the “Ukrainian” policy of the current German cabinet. In total, 50 such ZSUs are supposed to be sent to Ukraine.

But an interesting detail turned out: all these old men in warehouses have only 23 thousand shells. As Bild journalists calculated, given the rate of fire of the Gepard's guns – it only has two guns – this amount of ammunition is enough for it only for 20 minutes of fire. One installation! Therefore, the shells for the “Cheetahs” are now being assembled according to the principle “from the world in a string.” In a literal sense, a request was sent to countries to which these vehicles were previously exported.

By the way, one of the key points of the resolution is support for the idea of ​​the head of the cabinet to allocate 100 billion euros in the form of a “special budget” for the modernization of the Bundeswehr. As German Finance Minister Christian Lindner, leader of the Free Democratic Party, put it during a parliamentary debate, “15 years of neglect of our armed forces must be ended” – a clear nod to the policies of Angela Merkel's cabinet.

Therefore There are no disagreements in the German political elite today. As for the Ukrainian issue, the debate will certainly continue. The “pitfall” resolution introduced into the text – deliveries to Ukraine should not harm Germany's defense capability – in principle, allow the government to continue its previous course.

However, no matter how cautious and tortuous it may be, there is no doubt , will remain unchanged – in the direction of an increasingly tough confrontation with Russia.

Источник www.mk.ru

Poland announced exercises and movement of equipment near the borders with Ukraine and Germany

The exercises will be held according to the program for this year, residents of the voivodships bordering Russia, Germany and Ukraine were warned about the movement of equipment

Due to military exercises, there will be heavy traffic from May 1 until the end of the month military transport on the routes in the West Pomeranian, Lubusz, Wielkopolska, Kuyavian-Pomeranian, Lodz, Mazowiecki, Lubelskie and Warmian-Masurian voivodeships of Poland. This is stated on the website of the Ministry of Defense of the country.

“As part of the exercises, from May 1 until the end of the month, columns of military equipment will stand on the roads of the following voivodeships: West Pomeranian, Lubusz, Greater Poland, Kuyavian-Pomeranian, Lodz, Mazovian, Lublin and Warmia-Mazury. Military vehicles will be found on highways, expressways and national roads, — the message says.

The Warmińsko-Mazury Voivodeship borders on the Kaliningrad Region of Russia, the West Pomeranian and Lubuskie— with Germany, Lublin— with Ukraine.

The military stressed that the exercises will be held in accordance with the program of maneuvers planned for this year.

The Polish military noted that vehicles will most often move at night, but some movements are possible in the daytime. “The arrival and passage of convoys will also be used by the participants of the exercises to practice the reception and transfer of allied forces, the coordination of cross-border actions and cooperation with the host states,” — noted in the Armed Forces.

Citizens were asked not to publish photos with military installations and equipment, as this could lead to negative security consequences.

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Warsaw hasn't announced any major exercises lately. In early April, Fox News sources in the State Department said that Poland and the United States would conduct training sessions on April 8 near the city of Rzeszow in the southeast of the country. The exercises concerned tactical and firepower training.

On April 28, the head of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service, Sergei Naryshkin, announced that the United States and Poland were developing a plan to control Warsaw over its “historical possessions”; in Ukraine. Russian intelligence believes that the first stage in the implementation of Poland's plan will be the entry of Polish troops into the western part of Ukraine under the slogan of “protection against Russian aggression.”

Earlier, on April 25, Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said that his country donated tanks to Ukraine. In March, Poland offered to send NATO peacekeepers to Ukraine, but other countries, including the United States and Germany, did not support this.

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Media: Gazprombank did not accept payments for gas in rubles for Austria and Germany

Bloomberg announced the rejection of the ruble payment from Gazprom Germania.

Bloomberg agency, citing its sources, stated that “Gazprombank” rejected payment for the supply of gas fuel to Germany. It is noteworthy that the payment was made by the trading company Gazprom Marketing & Trading Ltd in rubles.

The publication reports that payment was transferred for a number of purchases for April and May this year under a contract between the German company and “Gazprombank”.

It is indicated that the advance payment concerns gas for Germany and Austria, but the bank rejected it, although, at the request of the Russian side, the payment was made in ruble currency.

The source of the publication said that now the German company insists that division “Gazprom” accepted the payment, and is now discussing it with representatives of the Russian company.

Recall, as Topnews wrote, at the end of March, Russian President Vladimir Putin issued a decree according to which the states included in the list of unfriendly countries are obliged to pay for the supply of Russian fuel to rubles.

Bloomberg, referring to the data he received, speaks of 10 European countries that agreed to the conditions proposed by the Russian Federation.

Also, according to RIA Novosti, on March 31 &#8220 ;Gazprom” 31 withdrew from the capital of LLC “Gazprom Export Business Services”, and is not involved in the activities of Gazprom Marketing & Trading Ltd.

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Germany called the conditions for the imposition of an embargo on Russian oil

Photo: Pixabay.com.

Bloomberg, citing sources in the EU, said that during the discussion of the ambassadors of the EU member states, Germany named the condition under which it would be ready to support the ban on Russian oil supplies.

According to the report, Berlin will approve this proposal if the refusal is gradual. A similar “transitional period” is provided for in the fifth package of European sanctions, which refers to the rejection of Russian coal.

The agency notes that until recently, German officials said that the refusal of energy supplies would cause more harm to Europe than to Russia. Apparently, now Berlin feels more prepared to cooperate with alternative oil suppliers.

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Scholars and politicians in Germany urged to stop the supply of weapons to Ukraine

Photo: Global Look Press

18 figures of science and politics of Germany addressed the German Chancellor Olaf Scholz with a request to stop the supply of weapons to Ukraine. Among them is the former vice-president of the Bundestag, Antje Vollmer.

The full text of the appeal was published by the Berliner Zeitung newspaper. It says that Germany and other NATO countries have de facto made themselves a party to the conflict. Ukraine, on the other hand, turned out to be a battlefield between Russia and the alliance due to the security order in Europe, which has been aggravated for years.

The signatories to the appeal called on the German government, the EU countries and NATO to stop the supply of weapons and call on Kyiv to stop military resistance, sit down at the negotiating table and agree on reconciliation.

“Moscow’s proposals, already voiced by President Zelensky – possible neutrality, an agreement on the recognition of Crimea and referendums on the future status of the Donbass republics – give a real chance to do this,” the scientists emphasized and politics.

They also called on the NATO countries to reinforce the negotiations on the early withdrawal of Russian troops with their own proposals regarding the legitimate security interests of Russia and its neighboring countries.

The authors of the message recalled that the Ukrainian army is much is inferior to the Russian one and has little chance of winning.

The day before, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced that in the territory of the United King Dozens of military personnel of the armed forces of Ukraine are being trained.

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Switzerland refused Germany to supply ammunition to Ukraine

Germany has requested permission to supply Kyiv with ammunition for the German BMP Marder, which are produced in Zurich. The Swiss authorities refused, referring to the neutral status

BMP Marder

Switzerland refused Germany to supply Ukraine with ammunition for the Marder BMP, writes the Swiss newspaper SonntagsZeitung. Information about two requests from the German authorities was confirmed by the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO). They reported that both appeals of Berlin concerned the transfer to Kyiv of ammunition previously received from Switzerland.

According to the newspaper, the Marder-type infantry fighting vehicle is produced by the German concern Rheinmetall, and one of the production facilities for its ammunition is located in Zurich.

“Both requests from Germany were answered in the negative with reference to Swiss neutrality and mandatory criteria for refusing to in accordance with the legislation on military products», — SECO spokesman Fabian Mayenfisch told the publication.

States that have received weapons or military equipment from Switzerland cannot transfer it to third countries without the consent of Berne, the newspaper explains. In addition, Swiss law prohibits the export of military products to countries where there is an armed conflict.

Despite these rules, the newspaper notes, Swiss military products have already ended up in Ukraine. Britain supplied Kyiv with anti-tank weapons with Swiss warheads. To do this, London took advantage of a loophole in the law, according to which, when exporting individual parts or assemblies of weapons, special permission from the Swiss government is not required.

Prior to the start of the Russian special operation, Berlin refused to supply Kyiv with weapons, however With the outbreak of hostilities, he changed his position. At the end of February, Germany decided to supply Ukraine with 1,000 Panzerfaust anti-tank missiles and 500 Stinger missiles.

Read on RBC Pro Pro How “Asos of the 90s” became the most sudden failure of the dot-com era for business and will a VPN help Articles Pro How the development of surgical instruments made an immigrant a billionaire Who will benefit from this air blockade?Berlin also approved the transfer of 400 German-made anti-tank guns from the Netherlands and nine D-30 howitzers and ammunition from Estonia. At the end of March, the DPA agency, citing sources, wrote that 1,500 Strela portable anti-aircraft missile systems, 100 MG3 machine guns, 8 million cartridges for firearms would also be transferred to Kyiv.

In April German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said that Germany had almost completely exhausted the limit of arms supplies to Ukraine from its reserves. He also said that the German government sent a request to arms manufacturers to understand how quickly they could provide the military products needed by Kyiv.

The leader of the German opposition, the head of the Christian Democratic Party (CDU), Friedrich Merz, criticized Scholz for insufficient aid to Ukraine. In his opinion, if the chancellor does not make a decision on the supply of heavy weapons to Kyiv in the near future, then the Bundestag should do so.

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In London, they started talking about sanctions against Germany, which receives gas from Russia

Europe is on the brink of economic war

Economic war has a beginning, but it has no end. Sanctions may soon fall on those who impose sanctions – on the part of those to whom these sanctions do not seem tough enough. In any case, the British The Telegraph calls for this. “If Germany does not stop buying Russian gas, it will also face sanctions,” reads the title of the corresponding publication. Now for the details.

“Gas is flowing through European pipelines as if nothing had happened,” indignant author, writer, publisher and financial journalist Matthew Lynn. “And oil is still regularly delivered to refineries. And every day 800 million euros are sent straight to Moscow. Germany and , to a lesser extent, Italy is considered to be financing Putin's brutal campaign in Ukraine.”

Germany is making some efforts to gradually reduce dependence on Russian energy carriers, admits Lynn. But they seem to the British absolutely insufficient. The Federal Republic must get rid of gas from Russia immediately, despite all the economic and social costs involved.

Otherwise, the author of the “selfish” Bundesburgers warns, it will be bad: “If the Germans are not ready to make this sacrifice, it's their business. However, there is no reason why the rest of the world should put up with it. The moment for sanctions against Germany has definitely come.”

How exactly should Germany be punished? There are different options. We could, for example, “impose temporary duties on German exports and send the money to Ukraine to finance retaliatory hostilities and help millions of refugees,” Lynn argues. “We could also impose a six-month ban on German exports and extend it until the end of the conflict or the final closure of gas pipelines. As an option, we can organize a consumer boycott.By buying a new BMW or Volkswagen, motorists indirectly sponsor Putin's army – this is also worth remembering when choosing a car.”

There will be no problems with the replacement of German goods, the author is sure: “Of course, Germany is one of the world's leading manufacturers. But we can easily buy cars in France or Japan, and chemicals in South Korea or the USA.”

Lynn's column in The Telegraph, of course, did not go unnoticed in the Federal Republic he criticized. But, let's say right away, it did not cause total rejection, condemnation. The reaction, as they say in such cases, was ambiguous. You can even find statements in the spirit of “this is how we should be.”

“Are Lynn's demands feasible?” asks philosophically, for example, das Bild, the country's most popular tabloid. “That remains to be seen. But the fact is that even in Germany, many leading economists have long called for a halt to gas supplies from Russia.” In confirmation, the opinion of the well-known economic “guru”, a member of the expert council for economic development under the German government, Veronica Grimm, is given: “The longer we wait, the worse. The more time we lose, the better Russia will be able to prepare for the embargo.”

According to the economist, a gradual reduction in oil and gas supplies from Russia will not give “any sanctions effect.” Therefore, “as painful as the supply shutdown is for our economy, if we do not act immediately, it will probably cost us much more in the long run,” concludes Veronica Grimm.

However, the leitmotif of the bulk of the responses is rather justifying: they say, we understand everything, but understand us too. “An immediate gas embargo will lead to disruptions and stoppages of production, will result in deindustrialization and long-term loss of jobs,” News.de quotes the joint position of the leaders of the Federal Association of German Employers' Associations and the Association of German Trade Unions on this issue. In their opinion, the negative consequences of such a decision would be more serious for Germany than for Russia.

In addition, the captains of the German industry rightly point out that the light on the gas issue has not converged in their country. “Not only Germany would have suffered from such a step (rejection of Russian gas. – A.V.), all of Europe would have had huge problems,” says Leonard Birnbaum, head of the energy concern E.ON, in an interview with the business newspaper Handelsblatt.< /p>

As an example, Birnbaum cites Slovakia, which is completely dependent on Russian gas. The Czech Republic and Austria also cover most of their natural gas needs with supplies from Russia. And, accordingly, they cannot refuse them yet.

“This cannot be regarded as a national theme,” insists the head of the concern. Chief E.ON speaks with extreme caution. But it reads between the lines: they want to make Germany “extreme” – many countries depend on Russian energy resources, but today only the Germans fall under the fire of criticism.

By the way, Matthew Lynn's article in The Telegraph suffers from the same logical flaw . For some reason, Lynn has nothing against other powers that do not want to urgently impose a ban on Russian energy supplies, including Italy he mentioned, and accordingly does not call for punishing them.

Quite strange in this context The idea of ​​replacing products made in Germany with goods from Japan and South Korea also looks like this. These, after all, are also far from “sinless”. Both Far Eastern neighbors of Russia are actively buying oil and “blue fuel” (liquefied natural gas) from it. And so far, as far as is known, they are not going to refuse it.

Источник www.mk.ru

Yakunin denied his departure to Germany and demanded an apology from Zyuganov

According to the ex-head of Russian Railways, Zyuganov's statements about Vladimir Yakunin's stay in Germany are “absolutely false.” He noted that he expects that the head of the Communist Party, “as a decent person”, will bring him a public apology

Vladimir Yakunin

Former head of Russian Railways Vladimir Yakunin, in a conversation with RBC, denied reports of his departure to Germany and demanded an apology from the head of the Communist Party Gennady Zyuganov, who, during a speech in the State Duma on April 19, ranked him as a “fifth column”.

“I have never lived and now do not live in Germany, I do not have a residence permit, let alone the citizenship of this country. Country of my permanent residence— Russia, where I am engaged in social and scientific and educational activities. By the way, I read the news that the Communist Party of the Russian Federation “sent me to Germany” while physically being on the Academic Council of the Faculty of Political Science of Moscow State University, — said Yakunin.

According to the ex-head of Russian Railways, such “stuffing” circulated for a long time, but he deliberately did not respond to them, as they “appeared in sources created to destabilize the situation in our country, or [on] anonymous resources that spread fakes.” He decided to comment on this information after the accusation was made by the leader of the second largest parliamentary party in the Duma.

With accusations against the “fifth column” Zyuganov spoke during the plenary session of the State Duma on April 19. According to him, this is “one of the most dangerous phenomena.” “I saw this fifth column in 1991, when its representatives walked around Moscow in a crowd,” — Zyuganov said.

According to him, he asked to prepare for him a list of recent leaders of the executive branch, “who, at this difficult and extremely dangerous time for all of us, found themselves behind the cordon.”

“In this list— former head of Russian Railways Yakunin, who is in Germany,— Zyuganov said. He also mentioned among those who left Russia, the former Deputy Prime Minister, President of the International Chess Federation Arkady Dvorkovich, the former head of Rosnano; Anatoly Chubais and ex-Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia Andrey Kozyrev.

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According to Yakunin, in the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, where he has “friends”, they figured out the situation and called this accusation “a gross mistake of the compilers of the speech.” However, he believes that this is “absolutely false” the statement “does no credit to either the Communist Party or its leader.” “I expect that the appropriate conclusions regarding the compilers of the text will be made in the party itself and, as a decent person, Gennady Andreyevich Zyuganov will publicly apologize to me,” — concluded Yakunin.

In mid-April, Great Britain included Yakunin on its sanctions list. At the same time, in the document he was named President of Russian Railways, although he left this post in August 2015.

Commenting on this event, Yakunin called the compilers of the list incompetent. “I have retired from this position for seven years now, and I am not engaged in any other state or commercial activity. Anyone with Internet access can easily find this information, — Yakunin said.

At the Faculty of Political Science of Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosova Yakunin is the head of the Department of Public Policy.

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Ombudsman of Germany spoke out against the boycott of Russian culture and art

German Ombudsman Luise Amtsberg spoke out against the boycott of Russian culture and art Amtsberg reported that shops in Germany are removing works by Dostoevsky and Tolstoy from the shelves, which, in her opinion, is wrong

Russian art and culture should not be subjected to persecution due to the conflict in Ukraine. This was stated in an interview with the newspaper Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung by the commissioner of the German government for human rights, Louise Amtsberg.

“It would be wrong to stop going to Russian restaurants or to boycott Russian art and culture. I also think it's completely wrong that the stores seem to be taking the works of Dostoevsky and Tolstoy off the shelves, — she said.

Amtsberg emphasized that it is also wrong to treat Russians with “some kind of hostility”; or “blame them for the war.”

After the start of Russia's special military operation in Ukraine, a number of cultural figures faced the cancellation of their performances or refusals to cooperate. So, in early March, the Bavarian State Opera stopped working with opera singer Anna Netrebko and conductor Valery Gergiev.

Gergiev also lost his post as chief conductor of the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra. The local authorities terminated the contract with him because Gergiev did not respond to a request to “clearly and unambiguously distance himself”; from a Russian special operation in Ukraine, Mayor Dieter Reiter said.

The Russian Foreign Ministry has previously declared “an unprecedented level of Russophobia in Europe.” With reference to reports in the media and social networks, the ministry reported the pogrom of stores with Russian products in Germany, attacks on truck drivers from Russia and Belarus in Germany, Poland and Italy, damage to personal cars with Russian numbers.

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In turn German Foreign Minister Annalena Berbock called on her compatriots to stop attacks on Russians and Belarusians living in the country because of the military operation. “Anyone who is hostile to Belarusians or Russians in Germany attacks not only our fellow citizens, but also the basic principles of our coexistence,” — she said.

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140 cases opened in Germany due to support of Russian special operation

RND: 140 cases opened in Germany due to support of the Russian military operation in Ukraine Some of them are related to the demonstration of the letter Z. More than 140 such cases have already been opened across the country, reports RND

In Germany investigate more than 140 cases of support for Russia in the context of the operation in Ukraine— most of them concern the use of the symbol Z. This is reported by the editorial association Redaktionsnetzwerk Deutschland, which interviewed the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Justice and federal state departments conducting criminal cases.

According to the publication, most of the cases are related to the use of the Latin letter Z, which has become a symbol of support for the special operation. This letter, along with the letter V, is used by the Russian army on military equipment used during the special operation in Ukraine.

Thus, at least 19 violations have been registered in Saxony-Anhalt since February 24, 17 of the cases are related using the symbol Z. Another 17 cases were filed in Hamburg (16 of them related to the symbol Z).

In North Rhine-Westphalia, 37 cases are being processed, of which 22 investigations are related to the symbols of the Russian troops. At least 100 cases of damage to property have also been recorded in the region, a spokeswoman for the Ministry of Internal Affairs told RDN.

In Germany, they began to ban the use of the Z symbol at the end of March: on the 25th, the federal states of Lower Saxony and Bavaria has been warned of criminal penalties for those who use this sign.

In addition, in Berlin, a group of deputies from the Social Democratic Party (SPD) in Stuttgart (Baden-Württemberg), as well as from the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), the Free Democratic Party (FDP) and the SPD in North Rhine ; Westphalia, wrote Bild.

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In March, the Russian Ministry of Defense explained the meaning of the symbols Z and V as follows: Z means “For the victory”, and V— “The Power of Truth” and “The task will be completed.”

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Germany promised to increase military aid to Ukraine

Berlin will allocate hundreds of millions of euros to Kiev for the purchase of weapons

German Finance Minister Christian Lindner announced that Germany will increase the military support fund for foreign countries to 2 billion euros, most of which will go to Ukraine for purchase of weapons.

Photo: dvidshub.net

Christian Lindner wrote on his microblog that Germany will increase the Ertüchtigungshilfe, its financial support tool for strengthening military and security forces in partner countries, to 2 billion euros, adding that “the funds will greatly benefit Ukraine.”

As noted by POLITICO, last year the size of this fund amounted to 225 million euros. An increase in foreign military aid will be part of Germany's supplementary budget for this year, Lindner said, adding that Chancellor Olaf Scholz “asked for it.”

Lindner's posting follows earlier reports from Reuters and German media that more than 1 billion euros in aid will be sent to Kiev. Ukraine has called on Western allies, including Germany, to provide it with heavy weapons such as tanks, artillery, helicopters and fighter jets.

Germany has already sent Kiev military supplies, including grenades, anti-aircraft missiles, machine guns and ammunition, but refrains from sending heavy weapons to the Ukrainian military.

Last week, the European Union decided to significantly increase financial support for the Ukrainian army to 1.5 billion euros. Part of this support, which should also allow Kiev to buy weapons, is funded by Germany. It is not clear how much of the new money Lindner announced is actually new, and how much of it Germany would provide in any case, in line with Berlin's commitments to the EU.

Lindner's announcement follows growing criticism of the German government , and in particular Scholz, for indecision on the issue of supplying tanks and other heavy weapons to Ukraine.

Prominent lawmakers from Germany's ruling coalition, which includes the Social Democrats, the Greens and the liberal Free Democratic Party Lindner (FDP), called on Scholz to allow such supplies.

But the issue is politically complex, POLITICO admits. Vice Chancellor Robert Habek said on Thursday that NATO allies are concerned that deliveries of advanced tanks could mean that Western countries “will themselves become [Russian] targets.” The Czech Republic is already supplying Ukraine with old Soviet-era tanks.

The recently announced financial support could allow Kiev to buy tanks directly from German defense companies such as Rheinmetall, although it is not yet clear whether Olaf Scholz and Robert Habeck would approve such sales.

German Justice Minister Marco Buschmann of the FDP told Welt newspaper am Sonntag that the supply of heavy German weapons to Ukraine is possible from a legal point of view without entering into a military conflict. He added that this is not only his personal opinion, but also the opinion of the German government.

Meanwhile, as The Guardian wrote the other day, Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk expressed a wish that Berlin supply Ukraine with Leopard battle tanks, Marder infantry fighting vehicles, Cobra weapon location radars and Panzerhaubitze 2000 self-propelled artillery mounts. According to the German edition of Welt am Sonntag, Kyiv made an offer to Berlin for the purchase of 100 Panzerhaubitze 2000 self-propelled guns, which Ukraine hopes to acquire directly from the German armed forces.

The Scholz government is reportedly lukewarm about such a deal with Kiev, as the shortage it would create in Germany's military arsenal may not be filled until 2024. Chancellor Scholz said that any arms shipments to Ukraine should not jeopardize German commitments to NATO in other regions, such as the Baltic states.

Scholz's Social Democratic Party also says that the FRG should not supply heavy weapons Ukraine until the NATO allies make a joint decision accordingly. “The federal government is coordinating closely with our international partners,” says Rolf Mützenich, chairman of the SPD parliamentary group. “Germany must not go alone.”

But Chancellor Scholz's opponents say the German head of government is deliberately allowing bureaucratic hurdles to slow down the arms export decision in order to appease his party members who are still pushing for a diplomatic settlement with Moscow. .

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Germany increased military spending by €2 billion to help Ukraine

According to ARD, Ukraine will receive more than half of these funds, another €400 million will be sent to other countries

Olaf Scholz

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz intends to allocate €2 billion for additional military assistance, more than 1 billion will be sent to Ukraine, the German TV channel ARD reported. German Finance Minister Christian Lindner confirmed the information on Twitter.

“The media reports are correct: the budget amendments provide for an increase in additional military assistance by €2 billion. The funds will go mainly in favor of Ukraine. The Chancellor demanded this a long time ago, — Lindner wrote.

According to ARD, another €400 million of the allocated amount is intended for the European Peace Fund, which also buys weapons for Ukraine, and another €400 million will be sent to other countries. The TV channel does not specify what exactly it is.

Earlier, Germany refused to supply weapons to Ukraine and promised to provide Kiev with only economic support. On February 22, Scholz called this position of the FRG “unchanged”. However, with the start of the Russian special operation, Berlin reconsidered its attitude to the issue.

Already on February 26, the chancellor announced that the FRG would send weapons to Ukraine, including 1,000 anti-tank guns and 500 Stinger missiles. In addition, the German authorities approved the transfer of 400 German-made anti-tank guns from the Netherlands and 9 D-30 howitzers and ammunition from Estonia.

Later, the German agency DPA, citing sources, reported that Germany had transferred to Ukraine 1,500 Strela portable anti-aircraft missile systems, 100 MG3 machine guns, and 8 million cartridges for firearms. It also became known about Berlin's intention to supply Kiev with 2,000 Panzerfaust anti-tank missiles.

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Germany will increase the defense budget to help Ukraine

Photo: pixabay.com

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz intends to increase the country's defense budget by 2 billion euros to help Ukraine. This is reported by Reuters, citing a source.

According to the agency, about 400 million euros from the budget are intended for the European Peace Fund – it buys weapons for Ukraine. Part of other expenses will be directed to bilateral deliveries to Kiev.

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Shulman left Russia for Germany

Ekaterina Shulman left for Germany as a scholarship holder of the Robert Bosch Foundation.

Political scientist Ekaterina Shulman said that she left Russia and is currently in Germany as a scholarship holder of the Robert Bosch Foundation. She spoke about this on the air of the Live Nail channel. on YouTube.

“This is not an open-ended event, it is quite limited by its timeframe,”— Shulman indicated, noting that her stay in Germany— working.

According to her, the Bosch Foundation invited her to participate in the program back in March last year. Schulman stressed that if it weren't for “all sorts of extraordinary circumstances”, correspondence about participation in the scholarship program would still be carried out next year.

Shulman also said that she was not going to “pretend to be a big victim of repression, than it actually is. And she stressed that “nothing like this happened to her”, so she does not claim the status of a full-fledged emigrant.

Robert Bosch Foundation— one of the largest private enterprise foundations in Germany, it launched a scholarship program in 2021 to support US-German relations. “As a general rule, former Fellows seek to strengthen the bonds of friendship and understanding between the United States and Germany, both professionally and personally,” said on the foundation's website.

In early April, Kommersant citing sources, he reported that the Ministry of Internal Affairs had requested from Shaninka documents on cooperation with a number of teachers who “are critical of the current Russian government.” According to the source of the publication, ten teachers appeared in the request, including Shulman, sociologists Grigory Yudin, Konstantin Gaaze and historian Ilya Budraitskis.

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WAZ announced a bill in Germany on the nationalization of energy companies

In the event of a threat to the country's energy security, the German authorities proposed introducing external management at enterprises of a critical energy structure, and as a last resort, nationalizing them

The German Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection has prepared amendments to the law on energy security, which, among other things, provide for external management and nationalization of energy companies. This is reported by the Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (WAZ, one of the assets of the German media group Funke) with reference to the text of the bill proposed by the Minister of Economics Robert Habeck.

The document says that the ministry can transfer the firm— an operator of a critical energy infrastructure under external management if there is “a specific risk that, without fiduciary management, the company will not be able to perform its tasks that serve the functioning of the society in the energy sector, and there is a risk of supply security breaches.” The Ministry may introduce external management at such an enterprise for a period of six months, followed by an extension for another six months.

In addition, the amendments provide for the nationalization of such enterprises if external management is not enough to guarantee energy security. At the same time, this option is a “last resort”, according to the explanatory note to the bill, the newspaper writes.

It is noted that in order to prepare for a possible cessation of gas supplies from Russia, the ministry intends to introduce a digital platform on which large industrial companies and gas traders will have to register. Based on this data, in an emergency, decisions will have to be made on which enterprises will need to turn off the gas in order to save money.

As another measure, it is proposed to make the termination of energy contracts more difficult in the event of a crisis. According to the amendments, power supply companies that want to close contracts with their customers due to financial difficulties or even insolvency will have to obtain permission from the German Federal Grid Agency (energy regulator).

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At the end of last month, Handelsblatt wrote about the elaboration of scenarios by the German Ministry of Economy in the event of a cessation of energy supplies from Russia. Among the possible measures, the publication called the nationalization of Gazprom's subsidiaries. and Rosneft.

March 31 Gazprom ceased participation in his German "daughter" and its assets. After that, the head of the German Ministry of Economy announced that Gazprom Germania GmbH would be transferred to the control of the Federal Network Agency of Germany by September 30.

Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on the transfer of all payments for Russian gas with unfriendly countries, including with Germany, in rubles. To make such payments, companies from these countries must open currency and ruble accounts with Gazprombank.

After Russia changed the rules for paying for gas, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced plans to continue paying in euros. At the same time, he said that Germany would not be able to overcome its dependence on Russian gas within a year and that it would take “more time”.

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Germany will allocate 2 billion euros to support Ukrainian refugees

photo pixabay.com

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, following a meeting with the heads of government of the federal states, announced the allocation of two billion euros during 2022 to support Ukrainian refugees.

According to him, 500 million of this amount will be sent to local authorities for additional expenses related to the accommodation of refugees.

As for financial support measures for 2023, Stolz noted that they will be considered no later than November of this year.

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Scholz says Germany will stop coal imports from Russia in 120 days

Scholz: Germany should stop importing Russian coal within a transitional period of 120 days ” alt=”Scholz said Germany will stop importing coal from Russia in 120 days” />

Germany is using a transitional period of 120 days to completely stop importing coal from Russia. This was stated by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, reports Reuters.

He also called the fifth package of European Union sanctions “a big decisive next step.”

Earlier, on April 7, the permanent representatives of the EU countries agreed on the fifth package of anti-Russian sanctions. It includes a complete embargo on Russian coal imports. Imports of Russian gas, oil and nuclear fuel were not affected by the new restrictive measures.

French television channel BFMTV reported that Russian coal imports to the EU amounted to 45% of the total.

Prior to this, MEPs called on the EU to impose an embargo on the supply of Russian gas, oil, coal and nuclear fuel. However, the resolution of the European Parliament is advisory in nature.

In addition, the new sanctions package provides for the freezing of assets of several Russian banks, an embargo on arms supplies to Russia,

a ban on Russian-flagged ships from entering EU ports.

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