Congress moves to impeach attorney general over Trump’s house search

U.S. Rep. Marjorie Taylor Green (R-Georgia) has announced that she has submitted a draft resolution to Congress impeaching Attorney General Merrick Garland over searches of former President Donald Trump's estate. This is reported by The Hill.

The resolution argues that the Attorney General's personal consent to the issuance of a search warrant “represents a blatant attempt to prosecute a political opponent.”

Green also criticized the call of the head of the Ministry of Justice publish documents on investigative actions, calling it an “attempt to intimidate”; Trump, whom she called “President Joseph Biden's political rival.”

GOP members, including Green, have repeatedly accused the Justice Department of prosecuting Trump on political grounds. However, says Hill, the chances that a resolution to impeach Garland will be approved, given that the Democratic Party now has a majority in both houses of Congress. It's also unclear how many Republicans will support Green.

Searches at Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate took place on Monday, August 8. According to The Wall Street Journal, 11 sets of classified documents were confiscated from the ex-president, including those marked “top secret”. The Washington Post wrote that FBI agents were interested in documents related to nuclear weapons.

Trump called the search “an un-American, baseless and unnecessary raid” and also said the documents seized from his estate had been declassified. He accused Garland of “the greatest witch hunt in history.” country and refused to testify against himself, taking advantage of the fifth amendment to the Constitution. According to the ex-president, the FBI warned Biden in advance about the searches, which made what happened a “coordinated attack”; this was rejected in the White House.

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Gladkov reported that a teenager was injured while trying to disassemble ammunition

In the village of Krasny Oktyabr in the Belgorod region, a teenager was injured while trying to disassemble the ammunition, Vyacheslav Gladkov, the governor of the region, said in his Telegram.

According to the head of the region, the teenager lost his hand, his face and eye. The teenager is in critical condition and is in intensive care. “As soon as his condition allows, we will send the boy to Moscow,” — added Gladkov.

The governor did not specify what kind of ammunition he was talking about. He urged the residents of the region to watch the children and explain to them “that you should not approach military equipment or the location of military units.”

Red October is in the Belgorod region of the region, it is the administrative center of the Krasnooktyabrsky rural settlement. The village is located about 12km from the border with Ukraine.

After the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine on February 24, regional authorities regularly report cases of shelling of settlements. Since April 11, an increased level of terrorist danger has been introduced in the region, it has been extended until August 22. Schools and kindergartens will be temporarily closed in five districts located in the five-kilometer border zone, and children will be transferred to other institutions.

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The Russian Defense Ministry announced the prisoners who refused to return to Ukraine

The Russian Ministry of Defense claims that several Ukrainian prisoners, including marines and soldiers of the National Guard, refused to return to their homeland “so as not to become cannon fodder”

A Ukrainian prisoner of war in the kitchen of a correctional institution < p>The Russian Ministry of Defense reported that the captured Ukrainian military from the units of the Marine Corps, National Guard, Airborne Assault and Ground Forces “decided to remain in the territory controlled by the Russian Federation because of their unwillingness to fight and the fear of being on the front line again.” The Ukrainians, according to the department, voluntarily laid down their arms and surrendered.

“The prisoners of war refused to be exchanged and do not want to return to Ukraine so as not to become“ cannon fodder ” and perish»,— claim in Moscow.

The Russian Ministry of Defense does not give the number of those who surrendered. On the Telegram channel, the ministry posted a video with a sailor of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Bohdan Malysh, an officer of the military service of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Vitaly Derevyankin, a soldier Dmitry Laminoga, senior sergeants Nikita Tsarevich and Vladimir Yuvanko, senior sailor Alexander Zhizhin.

The ministry's message also says that the prisoners are satisfied with the conditions of detention, they are provided with three hot meals a day and the necessary medical care, as well as the opportunity to attend church.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

Since the beginning of the conflict, the Russian authorities have reported on Ukrainian prisoners several times. In particular, on June 7, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that their total number had reached 6.5 thousand people. On May 19, the representative of the Ministry of Defense Igor Konashenkov reported on the largest number of surrendered per day: it was about 771 Azov fighters; (The Supreme Court of Russia recognized the battalion as a terrorist organization and banned its activities in the country).

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The authorities do not disclose the number of Russians who were taken prisoner. Since the beginning of hostilities, Moscow and Kyiv, according to the Russian side, have exchanged prisoners 27 times. The last exchange reported by the Ministry of Defense took place on June 29, it took place in the 144 by 144 format.

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The Foreign Ministry allowed the expansion of the combat zone due to the supply of weapons to Kyiv

As long-range weapons are supplied to Ukraine, the “geographical tasks” of the military operation will expand, the Foreign Ministry said. The department believes that the country should not have weapons that pose a threat to Russia, the DPR and the LPR .webp 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/800xH/media/img/4/88/756603797292884.webp 800w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 400px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 400px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/4/88/756603797292884.webp 1200w" type="image/webp" media="(-webkit-min-device -pixel-ratio: 2), (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

The supply of long-range weapons to Ukraine will lead to the fact that “the geographical objectives of the [Russian] special operation will be pushed even further,” said Alexander Darchiev, director of the North American Department of the Foreign Ministry, in an interview with TASS.

According to the diplomat, Moscow should not allow weapons on the territory of Ukraine that pose a direct threat to Russia, the Donetsk and Lugansk people's republics, as well as the “liberated regions”. According to the Ministry of Defense, the Russian military controls the Kherson region and most of the Zaporozhye region, including the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant located in the region.

“As for the correlation of massive deliveries of Western weapons to Kyiv with the course and timing of the special military operation, then it was clearly outlined by [Foreign Minister] Sergei Lavrov, — Darchiev added.

Lavrov said in mid-July that the geographic objectives of the Russian operation now include “far from only the DPR and LPR,” but also the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions and a number of other territories. According to the minister, their further expansion will depend on the supply of “increasingly long-range weapons” by Western countries to Kyiv.

The Russian military operation has been going on since February 24, when the authorities called its goals the demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine and the protection of the inhabitants of Donbass from “genocide”, assuring that they were not going to occupy the country. Kyiv responded by declaring martial law, began mobilizing and severed diplomatic relations with Moscow.

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In mid-April, Lavrov announced the start of the next phase of hostilities, which is aimed at the “complete liberation” of DPR and LPR (the Ministry of Defense reported on the complete capture of the latter under the control of the Russian military in early July). Then the deputy commander of the Central Military District for military-political work, Major General Rustam Minnekaev, said that Russia was going to establish full control not only over the Donbass, but also in southern Ukraine in order to secure another corridor to Transnistria.

After the beginning of the conflict, Western countries stepped up the supply of weapons to Kyiv. In particular, Ukraine received 16 HIMARS multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) from the United States, in total the Pentagon promised more than 20 such systems. The UK also supplies the Ukrainian side with MLRS. Among other weapons sent to the country, & mdash; Javelin and NLAW anti-tank systems, Stinger anti-aircraft systems, Starstreak MANPADS and others. President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said that due to additional supplies there is an opportunity for a “tipping point” in conflict.

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The Parliament of Kazakhstan called Russia an “unreliable partner” and plan to redirect oil around the Russian Federation

Kazakhstan has figured out how to redirect oil around Russia.

In Kazakhstan, local politicians are discussing the diversification of their oil transit to bypass Russia.

In his interview for “Moscow Speaks” Deputy of the Kazakh Mazhilis Aidos Sarym called the Russian Federation “not the most reliable partner”.

According to him, the Caspian Pipeline Consortium regularly encounters technical difficulties.

This forces the republic to conduct search for new oil supply routes, including through the territories of China, Iran, Azerbaijan and Turkey.

Sarym considers the actions of Kazakhstan “normal and honest business”, which is not connected with geopolitics.

p>

“As the events taking place in the country and the world show, Russia is not a completely reliable partner”, – he said.

The deputy noted that Kazakhstan “forces to strain” the accident at the CPC and other situations.

Against this background, it became known that the Kazakh authorities have already found a way to redistribute oil supplies bypassing Russia, but so far Kazakhstan can redirect only 8% of oil to an expert.

According to a Reuters source, “Kazmunaigas” managed to reach an agreement with the Kazakh oil company SOCAR for the supply of 1.5 million tons of oil annually via the Baku route – Tbilisi – Ceyhan (Turkey). This volume will amount to 30,000 barrels per day.

In addition, from 2023, another overpass of Azerbaijan, the Western Route Export Pipeline, will supply about 70,000 barrels per day to the Georgian port of Supsa.

Previously TopNews wrote that Kazakhstan refused to recognize the DPR and LPR.

The country's authorities called the republics “quasi-states”.

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Virologist warned about the danger of combining COVID-19 with other infections

Doctors fear a possible combination of coronavirus with influenza or adenovirus. This is reported by RIA Novosti with reference to Elena Malinnikova, head of the Department of Virology at the Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education.

Vaccination is the main way to prevent diseases, the virologist recalled. Booster vaccinations against coronavirus make it easier to endure the disease and not even get sick, Malinnikova said.

As the specialist noted, today the new COVID-19 mutates daily. However, people tolerate it easily.

Today, Deputy Director of the Central Research Institute of Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor Natalya Pshenichnaya said that it is not necessary to introduce coronavirus restrictions at the federal level at the present time, since the situation is not critical.

Earlier it was reported that the Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after N.F. Gamalei has developed a vaccine against three types of “omicron”.

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Moscow has created rapid tests to detect monkeypox and antibodies to it

Resident of the technopolis “Moscow” has developed test systems for the detection of the monkeypox virus, the capital's department of investment and industrial policy reported.

“The products are ready for clinical trials and further registration. Diagnostics will allow you to quickly recognize the infection in the early stages,” the department said.

Development company Imbian Lab created three versions of the test system. The first diagnoses the disease in 40 minutes, the second detects the antigen in 20 minutes, the third needs about 15 minutes to search for antibodies. The material for the study is blood and plasma. 

It is noted that all express tests can also detect natural smallpox and smallpox of cows.

Earlier, scientists of the Vector Center were able to isolate the smallpox strain of monkeys from a clinical sample of the diseased. Experts found that the strain belongs to the West African variant of the virus, which has a low lethality.

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Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation opened the competitions of the Army Games in Kazakhstan

Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia Colonel-General Alexander Fomin opened the competitions of the International Army Games (ArMI) in Kazakhstan. The ceremony was held in Nur-Sultan, the press service of the RF Ministry of Defense reports.

A delegation of the Public Council under the Ministry of Defense took part in the event on behalf of the Russian side. It is headed by Pavel Gusev.

Three competitions will be held in Kazakhstan: “Masters of Artillery Fire”, “Meridian”; and “Tactical Shooter”. As part of the first competition, military personnel will compete in the accuracy of performing fire tasks from mortar systems, machine guns and grenade launchers, as well as machine guns. Competitions will be held at the Matybulak training ground. Mortar crew drivers will have to overcome various obstacles – a snake, a slope and others.

The opening ceremony of the Army Games competitions was held in China. Two stages will be held at the training ground in Korla: “Suvorov Onslaught”; and “Safe Route”.

Three competitions within the framework of Army Games-2022 will be held in Belarus. We are talking about the competitions “Confident Reception”, “Polar Star”, as well as “Steel Highway”. The latter is held for the first time.

On August 11, it was reported that Russian tank crews were preparing for the Tank Biathlon competition. The training took place at the Alabino training ground in the Moscow region.

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The Rhine dried up due to the heat and became unsuitable for navigation

The water level in the Rhine continues to decline – near Frankfurt it fell below the mark of 40 cm, according to The Guardian. 

In such conditions, navigation on the river became impossible, which leads&nbsp ;to interruptions in the supply of coal, fuel, grain by water, and this exacerbates the economic crisis in Europe.

The newspaper notes that it is very problematic to replace river transportation with land transportation, since on average a ship can take on board about 1 thousand tons of cargo, and about 40 trucks can transport such a volume by land.

It is noted that the water level in the Rhine, which has already become critically low, may fall by another 10-15 cm.

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Earlier it was reported that July in Europe turned out to be one of the driest and hottest in history.

In addition, due to the heat, more than a hundred French cities were left without drinking water. The country's authorities have created an interagency group to combat the worst drought in history.

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Honored Pilot of the Russian Federation praised the idea of ​​replacing the co-pilot with a virtual one

The initiative of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation to replace the co-pilot with a virtual one is a “good direction”. The implementation of this idea will contribute to the automation of the control system to such an extent that the aircraft will be able to fly independently, taking into account meteorological conditions, air traffic and other parameters.

RT was told about this by Honored Military Pilot of Russia, Candidate of Technical Sciences Vladimir Popov, commenting on the plans of the department to refuse the services of a co-pilot.

In his opinion, the creation of appropriate software “in some way will make life and work of the pilot easier.”

At the same time, Popov noted that that at the initial stage, automation will require a lot of time and control capabilities. He also added that a person will maintain a more reliable degree of adequacy compared to a machine.

Earlier, from the tender in the Unified Procurement Information System, it became known about the plans of the Ministry of Industry and Trade to create a virtual co-pilot by the end of 2024. This will make it possible to switch to single-member crews in the 2030s.

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China has created the world’s most powerful magnet for scientific research

China has created the world's most powerful magnet for scientific research. It is capable of generating a 45.2 Tesla field – this is a million times larger than the Earth's field, according to 3Dnews.

A powerful magnet is needed for research in various fields, such as chemistry, biology, semiconductor production.

The most powerful magnet was previously created in United States in 1999. Its power was 45 Tesla. The record stood for 23 years. Scientists from China were able to surpass this achievement. The facility is intended for scientific experiments, unlike the American magnet, which was not created for this purpose, but simply for proof of concept.

The magnetic field is generated by an “object” that is only 33 millimeters in diameter. The force is strong enough to, for example, lift an aircraft carrier.

It was previously reported that the unique underground hydroelectric power station Nant de Drance, located at a depth of 600 meters, was built in Switzerland. It is located between two reservoirs and operates only at a time when it is beneficial for consumers.

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Biologist commented on the death of children after treatment with Zolgensma

The death of two children while taking the drug “Zolgensma”, used to treat spinal muscular atrophy, could have occurred due to inflammation of the liver. Ancha Baranova, Doctor of Biological Sciences, expressed this opinion in her Telegram channel.

«Both treated children died not immediately after the administration of the drug, but a few weeks after it– as soon as they began to reduce dose of mandatory immunosuppression, – Baranova noted.

She explained that death could be caused by overreaction of organisms to the AAV9 component, which underlies "Zolgensma". The biologist also believes that the death of children could have been avoided if doctors had carried out genotyping. According to Baranova, the process of determining the genotype would allow predicting the body's response to the introduction of an expensive drug.

The day before, the Swiss pharmaceutical company Novartis announced that it would update the instructions for using the drug for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy Zolgensma after the death of two children. The company clarified that acute liver failure is a known side effect.

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Rosprirodnadzor will check Chelyabinsk enterprises after residents complain about smog

Rosprirodnadzor will conduct an unscheduled inspection of enterprises in Chelyabinsk. The reason for such actions was the complaints of residents of the city about the smog.

“The agency has already applied to the prosecutor's office for permission to conduct an unscheduled check of the main pollutants”, — said the head of the department, Svetlana Radionova, in her Telegram channel.

According to the head of Rosprirodnadzor, monitoring takes place daily, measurements are analyzed from control points of the Chelyabinsk Electrometallurgical Plant. Exceeding the content of harmful substances in the air is also recorded. On August 13 alone, 26 such facts were revealed.

Earlier it was reported that Chelyabinsk was included in the Clean Air federal project. According to him, the city plans to halve emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere by 2030. From 2023, emission quotas may be set in the city. If these limits are exceeded, companies will have to pay money, which will then be used to solve environmental problems.

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Russian Defense Ministry announced full control over Donetsk Sands

The DPR authorities last week talked about establishing control over Pesky. Pushilin later stated that the settlement was “stormed and cleaned up”< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1200xH/media/img/4/53/756603868878534.webp 1200w" type="image/webp" media="(-webkit-min-device -pixel-ratio: 2), (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

< /p>

“As a result of the offensive actions of the allied forces, the settlement of Sands of the Donetsk People's Republic was completely liberated”,— reported in the Ministry of Defense of Russia.

The village of Peski is located to the north-west of Donetsk, it borders on the Kuibyshev district of the city.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

August 7, the head of the DPR, Denis Pushilin, wrote in Telegram that Peski “stormed, now they are cleaning up.” “It was difficult to take the sands” the enemy literally bit into the ground there: even tunnels were dug between the basements of houses. But that didn't help them— fled, leaving ammunition, ammunition, the bodies of their “brothers”, — he claimed.

Two days earlier, Ilya Yemelyanov, a spokesman for the People’s Militia of the DPR, said that “it can be said with certainty” that Peski is under the complete control of the forces of the republic. The deputy head of the People's Militia, Eduard Basurin, later clarified that Peski “is controlled, but not in full.” He then said that the main hostilities in the Donetsk region were going around this settlement, as well as Marinka and Avdiivka.

The battles for the village of Sands between the armed forces of Ukraine and the DPR also took place in 2014-2015, then Kyiv managed to regain control over the settlement.

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In early August, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that the Russian military had recently taken control six settlements in the Donetsk region and the territory of the Uglegorsk thermal power plant. Later, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced “great losses” Armed Forces of Ukraine in the areas of Soledar, Artemovsk and Avdeevka.

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The Russian Defense Ministry announced the destruction of HIMARS and Mi-24 Ukrainian forces

The agency has already reported on the destruction of six HIMARS MLRS in Ukraine. The Pentagon stated that the Armed Forces continue to use each of the installations delivered to Kyiv

A HIMARS launcher and an ammunition depot for it were destroyed near Kramatorsk in the DPR, the Russian Ministry of Defense said in a briefing on Saturday.

Two Mi-24 helicopters of the Armed Forces of Ukraine were destroyed on a helipad in the Nikolaev region.

According to Igor Konashenkov, a representative of the department, Russian air defense systems shot down four HIMARS shells in the air near Nova Kakhovka in the Kherson region, and also destroyed four Ukrainian drones in the Kharkiv region.

Konashenkov claims that the Russian military suppressed two platoons of Grad multiple launch rocket systems; near Soledar and Artemovsk in the Donetsk region, three artillery platoons of Akatsiya guns, as well as five platoons of D-30 howitzers.

At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

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< p>August 2, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that the Russian military had destroyed six HIMARS installations in Ukraine. The Pentagon did not confirm this, saying that the Armed Forces of Ukraine continue to use each of the MLRS that the United States and allies supplied to it.

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Lithuania called for a ban on the entry of Russians on Schengen visas throughout the EU

The Lithuanian Foreign Ministry believes that restrictions on entry into the EU for Russians will be more effective if they are introduced at the community level. In Germany, they doubted this possibility, the European Commission noted that such a ban is not provided for by the rules type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Lithuania appreciates Estonia's decision to ban Russians who have Estonian Schengen visas from entering the country, but believes that the measure would be more effective if it were introduced throughout the European Union. The Lithuanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs told BNS about this.

Lithuania “takes the position that restrictions work more effectively if they are applied at the EU level,” the ministry said.

The need to make a decision to stop issuing Schengen tourist visas to Russian citizens at the level of the European Union was also announced by Latvian Prime Minister Krisjanis Karins, reports Delfi. A few weeks ago, this proposal was voiced by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the country, Edgars Rinkevics.

The Czech Republic is also in favor of a ban on the issuance of Schengen visas to Russian citizens at the EU level. Foreign Minister Jan Lipavsky said that he intends to discuss this issue at a meeting of the heads of foreign affairs departments of the countries of the association at the end of August.

After the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, all these countries, as well as the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark and Slovakia, limited or stopped issuing certain types of entry documents for Russians. For example, the Czech Republic refused to issue visas and residence permits to Russians until the end of March 2023, making an exception for trips for humanitarian purposes.

On August 11, Estonia announced that it would close its borders to Russian citizens with Estonia-issued Schengen visas in a week, with a few exceptions, such as diplomats, EU free-travelers and those with relatives in the country. On the same day, the Saeima of Latvia recognized Russia as a sponsor of terrorism and called on EU countries to stop issuing Schengen tourist visas to Russians and Belarusians.

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German Chancellor Olaf Scholz doubts that the European Union will completely stop issuing visas to Russian citizens. The European Commission emphasizes that the EU visa code does not provide for a complete ban on the issuance of short-term visas, including to Russians. There are categories of persons to whom they need to be issued, for example, family members, journalists, dissidents, the EC points out. At the same time, the countries of the union can independently make decisions regarding a particular visa application.

The fact that Western countries should ban all Russians from entering their territory was stated by the President of Ukraine in an interview with The Washington Post in early August Vladimir Zelensky. He said at the time that states should force all Russians to return to Russia and “live in their own world until [they] change their philosophy,” calling it “the only way to influence Putin.” and stop the fighting. The day before, in his nightly video message, Zelensky clarified that the call for visa restrictions does not apply to Russians who are persecuted at home, offering to give them refugee status.

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Podolyak compared negotiations with Russia with the defeat of Europe

Zelensky's office: negotiations with Russia at the current stage will mean the defeat of Ukraine The beginning of a peaceful dialogue with Russia at the current stage will fix the defeat of Ukraine and Europe, now Kyiv has “no motives” for negotiations, Podolyak believes< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/1010xH/media/img/5/11/756603890792115.webp 1010w" type="image/webp" media="(max-width: 640px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 640px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)" >

Mikhail Podolyak

Kyiv now has “no motives” conduct peaceful negotiations with Moscow, Mykhailo Podolyak, adviser to the head of the office of the President of Ukraine, said in an interview with Babel.ua.

“Negotiations with Russia today will only mean one thing” that Russia has won… Are you ready to go for it? The price that Ukraine is now paying is much higher than the possibility of a ceasefire,— he thinks.

According to Podolyak, the intensity of the fighting and the possibility of winning for Ukraine is more important than “some kind of situational pause”, and the beginning of a dialogue in the current conditions will fix the defeat of Ukraine and Europe, after which “the fall of the entire global security system and the system of democratic values” will begin.< /p>

The adviser to the head of the presidential office is convinced that even if the negotiations result in fixing a new line of demarcation, after some time Moscow will again declare the need for hostilities.

Russia has been conducting a military operation in Ukraine since February 24. Since then, the delegations of Moscow and Kyiv have held several rounds of negotiations in person and in video format. The last face-to-face meeting took place at the end of March in Istanbul. In mid-May, peace talks were suspended, the Ukrainian side explained this by a change in the “emotional background”; after the events in Bucha (Moscow claims that reports of the death of civilians in the city, which was controlled by the Russian military, are fake).

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According to Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, the Russian side is ready to resume dialogue, “because everyone knows that any hostilities end at the negotiating table.” However, according to Dmitry Polyansky, Russian Deputy Representative to the UN, Kyiv does not show that it is disposed towards this. On August 3, former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, following a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow, said that the Kremlin would like to find a way out of the situation through negotiations, it will not be possible to resolve the conflict without dialogue.

< p>The head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry, Dmitry Kuleba, said in mid-July that negotiations with Russia are possible only after Ukraine wins on the battlefield, since “negotiations are directly tied to the situation at the front.” Later, President Volodymyr Zelensky warned that if referendums were held in the southern regions of the country occupied by Russian forces (Kherson and part of the Zaporozhye region), as the civil-military administrations established there are talking about, this would close “any possibility of negotiations” for Moscow; with Kyiv.

In the Kremlin, responding to Zelensky’s words, they emphasize that it is not Russia that is going to hold possible referendums, these are the plans of the inhabitants of the regions. At the same time, the Russian Foreign Ministry insists that Ukraine, when returning to negotiations, must recognize the “existing territorial realities”, including the status of Crimea and the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics.

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Zakharova did not see the reasons and logic in the expulsion of a diplomat from Montenegro

The day before, Montenegro declared a Russian diplomat persona non grata. The authorities referred to Article 9 of the Vienna Convention: it states that diplomats can be expelled without explanation .webp 673w” type=”image/webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Maria Zakharova

There are no reasons or logic in the decision of the Montenegrin authorities to expel a diplomatic employee of the Russian embassy, ​​said Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova.

“We consider the attack of the Montenegrin authorities as another episode of the hybrid campaign unleashed by the West and its satellites against Russia,” — the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

Zakharova linked the decision to expel the diplomat to the unwillingness and inability of the Montenegrin authorities to “depart from the policy of mechanically following such a destructive line”; to the detriment of international security and cooperation, as well as our own national interests.

The Russian authorities reserve the right to retaliate, she added.

On the eve of the decision to declare a Russian diplomat persona non grata, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Montenegro announced. They cited Article 9 of the Vienna Convention as justification. The diplomat must leave the country within seven days, the corresponding note was handed to the Russian Ambassador to Montenegro Vladislav Maslennikov.

Article 9 of the Vienna Convention states that any country has the right, without giving reasons, to notify a foreign state that the head of its diplomatic mission or any other employee is persona non grata.

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The Russian embassy called Podgorica's decision unreasonable, warned that it would negatively affect bilateral relations, and promised a response.

In April, Montenegro expelled four Russian diplomats, Moscow responded mirror-wise. In the same month, the Montenegrin Foreign Ministry issued a statement about the severance of diplomatic relations with Russia, the post was later deleted, and the ministry apologized and explained that the message was published by mistake.

A new wave of expulsions of Russian diplomats by Western countries and the subsequent mirror measures of Moscow began in the spring, after the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine. Since the beginning of 2022, a total of more than 550 diplomats have been expelled from Western countries, from Russia— 301.

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Yogurt method. How Katz proved France was doomed

Plot World History with Andrey Sidorchik

The main problem of modern politicians and public figures is that a significant part of them do not consider it necessary to study this or that phenomenon in depth at all. It is enough to throw in a statement that becomes the banner of another campaign.

“Greetings to the lovers of the USSR”

A former municipal deputy, a former member of the Yabloko party, a blogger recognized by the Russian Ministry of Justice as a blogger-foreign agent, Maxim Kats now zealously supports the Ukrainian authorities during a special military operation, condemning the “unrighteous” Russian actions. At the same time, the rhetoric of Katz's speeches suggests that he understands about nothing about the subject of Russian-Ukrainian relations and the history of the conflict.

But, in order to better understand the level of a bright representative of the camp of those who promise to lead Russia away from “Putin's Russia”; before “democratic prosperity”, it is worth turning to yogurt.

The network remembers everything, including one of the posts that Mr. Katz published in 2018: “Do you know such a thing as yogurt? But your parents did not know until 1991. They appeared only under Gaidar, before that they did not exist in principle. The Soviet industry did not know how to make yogurt. Tank — please, yogurt — no way. Big hello to fans of the USSR.

Soviet hamburger of the Great Terror era

Katz is not lying — even in Moscow during the Soviet years, everyone had a rather vague idea of ​​what yogurt was. Although this fermented milk product has been known since antiquity, it was mentioned in the culinary books of the Russian Empire and the USSR, and since 1965 it has been produced in Riga at a local dairy plant in small batches.

But the masses in the Soviet Union did not consume yogurt. At the same time, for some reason, there was no suffering from yogurt either. “Sour milk”, unlike the same notorious “Coca-Cola”, no one deified or cursed.

To understand what's going on here, here's another example. Hamburgers in the Soviet Union first appeared not during perestroika, but at the height of the Great Terror, in 1937. Stalls appeared on the streets of Moscow and other Soviet cities, where they offered “Hot Moscow Patty with a Bun” for 50 kopecks, and in addition to it a carbonated drink. Yes, yes, this is such a Western fast food in the era of Comrade Stalin. The author of the innovation was Anastas Ivanovich Mikoyan, who, after a trip to the United States, diligently introduced interesting overseas know-how into the Soviet food industry.

Citizens accepted the Eskimo with a bang, but the “cutlet with a bun” alerted them. There was talk that a quality product cannot be sold like that, that it is generally some kind of wrong sandwich, etc. But Mikoyan did not lose heart and promised that the population would appreciate the hamburger. However, before the start of the war, the habit of fast food of this type was not fixed, and then it became not up to it. And it took another half a century for the hamburger to gain a foothold in our area.

The problem turned out to be not so much in the capabilities of the Soviet food industry, but in the eating habits of citizens.

France without cottage cheese: what the regime has brought< /h2>

To prove this, let's look to the West, where the hamburger and yogurt have reigned for decades.

The fact that the attitude towards buckwheat, for example, in Russia and France is different, is not a secret for anyone. But the fact that Parisians until recently did not eat buckwheat porridge is not at all an indication of the weakness of the French food system. Buckwheat in France is used for flour or bird feed. However, recently, with an increase in the number of Russians in the country, local residents who love healthy food have begun to use the usual buckwheat porridge, and the cereal is sold in stores called Kasha.

But there is an even worse revelation. Once in Paris, the center of the civilized world, a Russian will be horrified to find that instead of the usual sour cream, he is offered a strange-tasting surrogate, and they don’t offer cottage cheese at all.

One goes, another comes

That is , all the power of France in the 21st century cannot give ordinary cottage cheese to people. Greetings to Paris lovers.

And the answer is simple — The French have different eating habits that change over time.

In the USSR, the mass consumer did not know what yogurt was, but he knew perfectly well what fruit kefir was. By an interesting coincidence, he disappeared from stores in the 1990s, simultaneously with the advent of yogurt. Modern fruit kefirs, produced in Russia, are a pale copy of the Soviet product. But this, too, does not cause a great tragedy for the Russians, and about “that” kefir is dreamed of mainly by older people, and young people are quite satisfied with yogurts.

In order to understand the mystery of the lack of yogurt in the USSR, you need to spend some time getting acquainted with the history of the issue. But then the loud thesis “tanks were made, but yogurts…” would disappear.

This does not mean that there were no problems in Soviet society. This means that today our past is branded by people with yogurt in their heads. One cannot figure out sour milk, another collects myths about Kolyma and the imprisoned ice cream maker, the third, looking at the Nazis point-blank, does not notice either the swastika or the corresponding slogans.

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Finland and Estonia are discussing the creation of a joint missile defense system

The authorities of Finland and Estonia are discussing the creation of a joint system anti-missile defense (ABM). This was announced by the head of the Estonian Defense Ministry Hanno Pevkur, reports RIA Novosti.

“We need to unite our coastal defense. The range of Estonian and Finnish missiles exceeds the width of the Gulf of Finland. This means that we combine our missile defense and share all the information with each other, – said the Minister of Defense.

According to him, the unification of missile defense systems will become possible after Finland joins the North Atlantic Alliance. In addition, the head of the Estonian Ministry of Defense expressed the opinion that such integration will allow  "close" the Gulf of Finland for ships of the Russian Navy.

Earlier Russian Permanent Representative to the European Union Vladimir Chizhov said that Finland's accession to NATO raises the question of the fate of the Åland Islands, which have a demilitarized status under an international treaty.

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What kind of “Tablet-M-IR” for artillery control was developed in Russia?

In Russia, a new artillery control complex has been created, which received the characteristic name “Planshet-M-IR”. It is planned that its tests will be completed in 2022 and a decision will be made on its adoption.

Why is it needed

It is reported that “Tablet” developed on its own initiative by the corporation “High Precision Complexes”. This device is designed to automate the guidance of multiple launch rocket systems, cannon artillery and mortars. This is the development of the Tablet-A complex, which is already being mass-produced and has good reviews from the military.

Precursor

Artillery control complex “Tablet-A” was created for digital targeting of mortars and towed artillery, which were previously guided using standard sights and calculations. Now the guidance procedure has become much easier. Aiming is carried out using a modern device — compact tablet computer with a touch screen. The use of “Tablet-A” greatly reduced the time for calculating settings for firing and increased the accuracy of hitting. It synchronizes with drones, instruments, weather devices, ballistic stations.

Benefits

“Tablet-M-IR” — this is the development of the project, it has received more opportunities for controlling firepower, now it is synchronized with automated control systems. In addition, the system has significantly expanded the range of technical means with which it can work. For example, it became possible to quickly exchange data from reconnaissance radars. “Tablet-M-IR” synchronizes with most UAVs that are in the possession of the military. This allows the operator to observe a complete picture of the situation on the battlefield and adjust the fire. A secure satellite communication channel ensures the confidentiality of the transmitted data, and it is also possible to communicate with the higher command through it.

The new device eliminates the human factor as much as possible, which can lead to errors in obtaining target designations and calculations for hitting a target. Electronics speeds up the work of units and gives maximum attack accuracy. According to the developers, the necessary calculations and the return of the “fire” command takes less than a minute.

The novelty will work with both old artillery fire weapons and new ones.

Source:

https ://ria.ru/20220812/artilleriya-1809049280.html

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Dead earth to the horizon. What will the shelling of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant lead to?

Plot RF special operation in Donbass and Ukraine

The attention of the world media is riveted to the events at Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, which has been under the control of the Russian armed forces since spring 2022. According to the latest reports, the shelling of the nuclear power plant from the Ukrainian side not only does not stop, but also increases in intensity. As a result of an artillery attack on August 7, shells landed at a distance of only 400 meters from the power unit.

According to the representative of the military-civilian administration of the Zaporozhye region, Vladimir Rogov, if the Armed Forces of Ukraine do not stop shelling, the largest nuclear power plant in Europe will have to be mothballed, which is fraught with an energy crisis. First of all — in Ukraine. In       the existing loads at the station will be output only to the territory controlled by the Russian Federation. But even that won't be a worst-case scenario.

Ukraine blames Russia itself for the shelling. Russia — Ukraine. How this clinch could end, aif.ru discussed with inmilitary expert, retired colonel Viktor Litovkin.

1. The shelling will continue until disaster

According to the words of a military expert, the shelling of a nuclear power plant with multiple rocket launchers will sooner or later lead to a new man-made disaster, comparable in consequences to the accident in Chernobyl.

< p>“The main danger is not even that the reactor will be damaged, — says the expert. — The reactor cannot be damaged, it is well protected. There are more than 170 barrels with radioactive waste on the territory of the nuclear power plant. If these barrels explode, then the waste will simply scatter and poison everything around — trees, water, air. Surrounding areas will suffer, there will be dead land around from horizon to horizon. Like in Chernobyl».

At the same time, according to the expert, the goal of the Armed Forces of Ukraine & nbsp; & mdash; not  arrange a new cataclysm, but  blame Russia for it. “Ukraine, which is shelling, wants to portray that Russia is conducting nuclear terrorism” & mdash; she guards, she herself will shoot ZAES. Please note — they shoot at the station with multiple rocket launchers “Hurricane”. Russia has such shells, so it's easy to blame it. The only thing they don't take into account is that the funnel                  it is clear where it arrived from. In   — from the side where the Ukrainian military are, — said Litovkin aif.ru.

2. The parties will find a compromise with the help of mediators

“Ukraine would like to urge the world community to send peacekeepers to the conflict zone. But nobody will send peacekeepers there. There must be a UN Security Council decision for this, and there are two voices that will not allow this — China & Russia», — Viktor Litovkin explains.

According to the expert, the only mediator in this case may be representatives of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). However, the side is in no hurry to visit Zaporozhye NPP for investigation, citing political reasons.

“Their actions show politics. The IAEA believes that the Zaporozhye NPP — this is a Ukrainian object, so you need to call on it from the territory of Ukraine. This is allegedly impossible, since the nuclear power plant is cordoned off by Russian troops. In fact, nobody denies that   — Ukrainian. The troops are stationed not on the station itself, but on the perimeter. The station employs Ukrainian personnel who supply electricity to the Ukrainian power grid», — says Viktor Litovkin.

3. One of sides will retreat

According to a military expert, only the Ukrainian side can retreat in the situation around the Zaporozhye NPP, since it is from there that the main danger comes.

“I think that Russia it will definitely not leave Energodar as it was in Chernobyl. Moreover, a referendum on accession to the territory of our country is being prepared in Zaporozhye. Leaving now would inappropriate for many reasons», — says Victor Litovkin.

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Zelensky submitted projects to extend martial law and mobilization to the Rada

Ukrainian leader Volodymyr Zelensky submitted to the Verkhovna Rada a bill on extending martial law and mobilization in the country. This is evidenced by the list of bills on the website of the Parliament of Ukraine.

In Currently drafts No. 7665 "On the extension of the terms for general mobilization" and No.7664"On the extension of the period of martial law in Ukraine""are among "Sent to the leadership for consideration". However, the text of the documents has not yet been presented.

According to the deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Yaroslav Zheleznyak, martial law in the country may be extended for 90 days, until November 21st. The parliamentarian wrote about this in his Telegram channel.

The martial law regime has been in force in Ukraine since February 24. At the same time, President Volodymyr Zelensky signed a decree on general mobilization. In accordance with the decisions made, men liable for military service in Ukraine are prohibited from leaving the country. In May, the Verkhovna Rada extended martial law and general mobilization until August 23.

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Events of the week in pictures: August 8 – 12

Restoration of the legendary Saur-Mogila memorial in the DPR, watermelon and melon festival in Moscow, the last supermoon of 2022, the celebration of the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Russian Air Force. These and other events — in the AiF.ru photo feed.

China celebrates Fitness Day on August 8th. The national holiday is celebrated on the day when the 29th Summer Olympic Games opened in Beijing in 2008. © www.globallookpress.com/Cfoto/Keystone Press Agency/Global Look Press

The fire at the oil storage in the Cuban port was extinguished a week later. The fire on the territory of the oil storage facility occurred on August 5 from a lightning strike that hit the dome of a reservoir containing about 25,000 cubic meters of oil. © Reuters/Alexandre Meneghini/Reuters

The authorities of Helsinki dismantled the monument “World Peace” donated to Finland by the USSR © Youtube screenshot

In the central region of South Korea on August 8, there was a heavy downpour. According to the Seoul authorities, a record amount of precipitation over the past 80 years has fallen in the capital, exceeding 400 mm in some areas in less than a day. © Reuters/Yonhap via Reuters

Commander of the Central Military District Colonel-General Alexander Lapin presented state awards to servicemen who showed courage, bravery and heroism during a special operation in Ukraine © RF Ministry of Defense

Watermelon and melon festival started in Moscow GUM. In honor of this, in the famous store, the fountain was filled with watermelons and melons. © AIF/Eduard Kudryavitsky

The city of Severodonetsk, which came under the control of the LPR, survived the most difficult battles. This major center of the chemical industry will have to be practically rebuilt from scratch. © AiF/Dmitry Grigoriev

Jember Fashion Carnival in Indonesia © www.globallookpress.com/Kurniawan/XinHua/Global Look Press

The Iranian spacecraft for remote sensing of the Earth “Khayyam” was successfully launched into the target orbit with the help of the Russian carrier rocket “Soyuz-2.1b” launched on Tuesday, August 9, 2022 at 08:52 Moscow time from the Baikonur cosmodrome “and upper stage “Frigate”. © Roskosmos

Shallow lake near the city of St. Andre in Austria. In Europe, rivers and lakes dry up due to abnormal heat. © Reuters/Leonhard Foeger/Reuters

Mexico celebrates Indigenous Day © www.globallookpress.com/Luis Barron/Keystone Press Agency/Global Look Press

The DPR is nearing completion of the restoration of the Saur-Mogila memorial complex. On August 10, a 9-meter figure of the Soldier of Victory was delivered to the memorial complex – one of the key elements of the memorial. © RIA Novosti/Sergey Baturin

The village of Uelkal in Chukotka is located on a cape protruding far into the sea. The main population is the Eskimos. This is the westernmost Eskimo settlement in the world. The main industries here are fishing, hunting and whaling. © AIF/Igor Kharitonov

At the Alabino training ground in the Moscow region, armored vehicles were adjusted for the Tank Biathlon competition of the International Army Games-2022 © RIA Novosti/Konstantin Morozov

Traditional Kosovo wedding attire and makeup © Reuters/Fatos Bytyci/Reuters

Supermoon in Dresden. On the night of August 12, the last supermoon of 2022 could be observed. The moon was as close as possible to the Earth – it looked 30% brighter than usual and 14% larger. © www.globallookpress.com/Robert Michael/dpa/Global Look Press

Su-25 attack aircraft during a demonstration performance at the festive events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of the founding of the Air Force in the military-patriotic park of culture and recreation of the RF Armed Forces “Patriot” © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Voskresensky

Источник aif.ru

What kind of innovative Kh-69 cruise missile was created in Russia?

Corporation "Tactical Missiles" plans to launch production of a new Kh-69 aviation cruise missile. This is a universal armament, which will soon be received by Russian fourth and fifth generation fighters. The capabilities of the X-69 will allow you to reliably destroy the enemy without entering his air defense zone.

Destination

The new development of the X-69 will hit a variety of ground targets according to the coordinates that it receives before launch. This technique has its advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, the rocket is “not” distracted ” in flight, and goes exactly to the target, ignoring interference     And and she doesn't need any contrast of the target with the surrounding background. C another — it can not be able to change direction, is able to orient by radar, infrared and optical contrast.

Thus, the X-69 is mainly intended for stationary purposes — buildings, warehouses or armored vehicles standing in place. These are such key goals as critical infrastructure and communications, railway junction stations, crossings, buried checkpoints. Also, armored vehicles and aircraft of various classes located on runways can become its potential targets.

Modern combat aircraft will be developed for this missile, first of all, the fourth generation Su-35, MiG-35 fighters, the fifth generation Su-57, which is beginning to enter the troops. The promising Su-75 will also receive this missile. For the use of new weapons, fighters will be equipped with additional electronic systems. Special ejection devices and suspensions will also be additionally developed.

Characteristics

The X-69 missile has an innovative multi-stage aiming system. For guidance accuracy, the rocket received high-tech ultra-precise altitude and speed meters, as well as an optoelectronic system that works on the final flight path. Navigation is based on a strapdown inertial system that receives data from conventional GLONASS commercial satellites, and information can also be refined by foreign global GPS NAVSTAR global positioning services.

Development

X-69 is designed at the State Machine-Building Design Bureau (GosMKB) “Rainbow” them. A. Ya. Bereznyaka. This scientific organization is part of the Tactical Missiles Corporation.

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Why is rain water dangerous?

Some people believe that the moisture collected from atmospheric precipitation is good for the body, or at least tasty. A study by European scientists shows that they are wrong. 

Experts from Stockholm University and ETH Zurich measured the concentration of four main “eternal chemicals” in rainwater and concluded that it was well above safe levels. 

“Eternal chemicals” (PFAS) refers to a class of chemicals that are artificially synthesized and widely used in a range of non-stick, stain-resistant, and waterproof products such as carpets, cookware, clothing, and food packaging. The most famous of these substances – teflon, there are more than 4.7 thousand of them.

All PFAS are extremely stable in the environment or break down into simpler substances of the same class. That is why the name “eternal chemicals” stuck behind them. Their second unpleasant property – the ability to accumulate in the body and cause serious health problems, including cancer, liver damage, thyroid disease, infertility and pregnancy complications, high cholesterol, immune system malfunctions, learning difficulties in children.

As stated in the researchers' report, the regulatory concentrations of PFAS in drinking water, surface water and soil have been significantly reduced over the past 20 years, because the public has become aware of their toxicity. in the environment is almost always exceeded. 

“Based on the latest US recommendations for PFAS contents in drinking water, rainwater is not safe to drink everywhere. Although we We drink it infrequently, many people around the world consider it safe to drink, and their drinking water sources are replenished by rainfall, says Jan Cousins, lead author of the study, Professor of Environmental Sciences at Stockholm University. — And the rain — is not the only problem. Soils are also polluted everywhere. I'm not saying that we're all going to die from this, but there are no places left on the planet right now where you can be sure that the environment is safe.

In other words, “eternal chemicals”; distributed throughout the world in the earth's atmosphere, so they can be found in rainwater and snow even in the most remote corners of the planet. Of course, you should not drink the moisture collected with precipitation.

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Something and somehow. Why do we know the natural sciences so poorly?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 32. Take a check per capita 10/08/2022

This week, lists of applicants who have passed the budget to universities based on the results of the USE should be published. The day before, there were rumors that in  the country's leading universities for some specialties suddenly arose.

Many of this year's graduates submitted their documents in advance, but were frightened by sky-high numbers of competitions and in as a result, the last days before enrollment preferred simpler establishments. Top universities had to reduce the passing score and take on the one who remained in the hope of a miracle. Will    yesterday's school good students, and somewhere       possible will be able to learn from talented designers, competent doctors?

Once we laughed at Zadornov's jokesabout how stupid Americans are. And they didn’t notice how generations themselves grew up, not knowing what revolves around what: the Sun around the Earth or the Earth around the Sun. How can this be in a country that a few decades ago considered itself the most read, was proud of its education and science?

Judging by the results of the Unified State Examination, the situation with the subjects of the natural science cycle is especially alarming. That is, with what is closest to a person: biology, chemistry, geography … Compare: the average score of those who took the exam in English this year was 73.3. A Biology — 50.2, in  chemistry — 54.3, by geography — 54.6. Why is that? Is exam too complicated or are were seamless with training in these disciplines?

Collage AiF

What gives birth to chemophobes

«Chemistry — objectively difficult subject. This is recognized even by SanPiN. To understand chemistry, a child must have a well-developed abstract, figurative thinking. He must quickly calculate, understand physics. Here you can’t memorize, you need to think, & nbsp; & mdash; says editor-in-chief of the magazine “Chemistry at school”, chairman of the All-Russian public organization of teachers and teachers of chemistry, Ph.D. Lyudmila Levina. — But, of course, good teachers are important. Those who had strong teachers, as a rule, understand chemistry at least at the everyday level. But for many years, due to the prestige of the profession, not the best school graduates entered the pedagogical universities, especially in large cities. Now these people themselves teach children in the classes. And what we want from them? This is where the legs of the chemophobia around us grow, for example».

Chemophobia — irrational fear of any chemical compounds. People who suffer from it often get into trouble. That "for the sake of saving nature" they are ditching natural leather and moving to eco, even though the production of leather substitutes does much more harm to the planet. They shy away from antiperspirants because they contain potentially carcinogenic aluminum salts, and switch to  "natural safe deodorant-crystal" — in fact, the same aluminum salts.

    I say in such cases: chemistry is harmful to those who does know  — Levin continues. — You can get poisoned to death by deciding to clean the plumbing, for example. Or become a victim of marketing, running from “Eshek” on labels and overpaying for goods«without terrible chemicals».

But three physicals per week

During the  pandemic, chemophobes have subsided somewhat — retrained, it seems, as specialists in vaccines and immunity. The hottest battles of couch experts for the last year and a half have been unfolding precisely on anti-curve fronts. Viruses, work of organs and systems — in the  school course, biology is responsible for  She handed over the worst. Until now, in social networks, on the page of Rosobrnadzor, complaints from parents and teachers are pouring in that KIMs (unified state exam tasks) went far beyond the limits of the school curriculum. The compilers reflect the attacks, they say, there are different school programs. Someone studies in general education classes, and someone — by  biological profile. And in general, if you want to study at a serious university — be kind, prepare in depth.

Whatever it it was, but the teachers themselves admit: yes, it is not just complexity of the exam. The hours on the subject have been cut so that you have to gallop through the sections. The children understood, did not understand, we write down the next topic. It is strange to wait for the appearance of new Michurins, if in the fifth grade, when acquaintance with science begins, physical education is three lessons a week, English is also three, and biology is one.

Look around

"If we talk about the general literacy of the population, the knowledge of biology we are not very high, — confirms the biologist Pavel Glazkov, the author of the blog “Each creature in a pair”. — But after all, such a situation has developed for a very long time, decades ago».

Pavel is from  enthusiasts: he roams the forests near his native St. Petersburg, observes plants, animals, talks about what he has seen in social networks, conducts lessons in schools at the invitation of parental committees and teachers. His videos are watched by hundreds of thousands of people. So people have an interest in  biology. And here are the basics, the foundation is missing.

“Students do not know the elementary, even the structure of the human body. I am sure that we need to radically change the approach to teaching science subjects in the school. Why do we immediately pour on the fifth graders “the structure of the plant cell”, “the structure of the animal cell”? Boo-boo-boo, at best with pictures from a shabby textbook. Modern children will not be interested in this, — says the biologist.   You need to start your acquaintance with science with applied knowledge: what kind trees we grow, what birds fly to the feeder. What to do if you meet a bear in the forest? Whose footprints are in the snow? What you can feel with your own hands, see with your own eyes. Find interesting, paradoxical facts about wildlife and, starting from it, already further string the rest.

Glazkov emphasizes: it's not only and not so much in unified state exam scores: "Knowledge about nbsp;the nature of the native land — these are the building blocks that awaken in us a feeling of love for the country. This is very serious! Lessons are needed at the school with  exit to the yard: “Look, children, this grass is called so-and-so, that’s how it blooms, and on this instance we see already formed seeds”… Schoolchildren will learn what is our unique Russian forbs, where there are more than 200 different plants. And & nbsp; how barbarously they destroy it, mowing all the grass in & nbsp; cities to zero. And when such a child grows up and becomes the director of a management company, will will he allow to bring meadows and lawns to bald spots?! Meanwhile, knowledge about what surrounds us is generally not given at school. And after the child feels the nature with his own hands, looks at dragonflies on the pond, and not in the textbook, he will see an exciting film about a bird nesting in       that's when you can talk about the structure of the wing, what are feathers. However, an interested child will dig up this information himself, without waiting for the lesson».

Scientific detective story from Pavel Glazkov

Nest of insect larvae, slobbering pennitsa. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org

Who “spit” on the grass and how does it relate to the elixir of youth?

Many of us saw white frothy lumps on the grass in the summer, as if someone hadn't given a damn about the plants. What is this?

(Answer at the bottom of this page)

Answers questions

In fact, the foam ball — this is the nest of an insect larva, a slobbering penny. Once a year, in the fall, the female pennitsa lays her eggs on the stems of plants, at the base of the leaves. In the spring, larvae emerge from the eggs. They begin to feed on the juice of the plant and secrete a liquid heavily flavored with mucins — substances that give it stickiness and ductility. Through tiny holes on the sides of the abdomen — spiracles — the larva blows portions of air into this mucus. An interesting fact: at present, mucin is used in cosmetology as a means for skin rejuvenation! So the saliva of the penis can claim the title of “elixir of eternal youth”. em>

* * *

1 — greenfinch, 2 — chizh, 3 — chub, 4 — ide, 5 — timothy, 6 — hedgehog team.

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What kind of tank killer SAU 2S25 “Octopus-SD” was created in Russia?

Plot Russian special operation in Donbass and Ukraine

The Russian defense industry has successfully completed state tests with a 125-millimeter 2S25 Sprut-SD self-propelled artillery mount. This airborne anti-tank gun may soon be put into armament, after which it deliveries to troops will begin.

Self-propelled anti-tank gun 2S25 “Sprut-SD” at the exhibition “Russia Arms Expo. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org/Vitaly V. Kuzmin

Any caliber

This is an original idea of ​​the Russian defense industry, in fact, an intermediate version of an airborne combat vehicle and a tank. It is as mobile and maneuverable as possible, like airborne combat vehicles, while its firepower is not inferior to the T-80, T-90 tanks. This combat vehicle was created for the artillery units of the Airborne Forces and the Marine Corps. Her main task — providing fire support in combat during during fast-paced landing operations, primarily destroying enemy armored vehicles.

Crossed a tank and BMD

SAU 2S25 — this is an armored tracked amphibious vehicle, outwardly resembling a amphibious tank, the transmission is borrowed from the BMD-3. The letters “C” and "D" in its name means "self-propelled" and "landed". Armed “Octopus” a full-fledged 125-mm 2A75 cannon, which is also installed on all modern Russian tanks. Additional armament is a 7.62 mm machine gun. Sprut-SD" can fire all domestic ammunition, its arsenal, for example, includes armor-piercing sub-caliber shells, as well as anti-tank guided missiles. The ammo set includes 40 different projectiles, the laser aiming system makes it possible to destroy targets at distances of the order of 4 km.

By air and swimming

This is a very mobile and passable vehicle, it is delivered to the battlefield by amphibious means, and, for example, it can be dropped into the deep rear of the enemy by parachutes with a crew inside. The vehicle can land from ships onto water and further in swimming, it will independently reach the nearest shore. It is capable of overcoming water obstacles when the water surface is rough up to three points at a speed of about 10 km per hour, while being able to shoot afloat. It can also make a 500 km march on one stock of fuel at an average speed of up to 70 km per hour. The hydropneumatic chassis allows you to move on cross-country at high speed and with comfort for the crew.

Depending on terrain conditions, it changes the clearance from 190 to 590 mm. For comfortable driving, the car received an automatic transmission. This combat vehicle works flawlessly in high-mountainous regions at altitudes of about 4,000 meters. meters, in the desert, coast and in marshlands, in extreme frost and heat conditions.

Expert potential

« Sprut-SD, as a unique combat vehicle, can get a great expert potential. Recently, lightly armored mobile combat vehicles with powerful weapon systems have become more and more in demand. They can be used in a number of local armed conflicts and during counterterrorist operations. One of potential buyers of "Sprut-SD" may become India.

Source of information:

ria.ru

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Heat in the city. Survival guide

Story How to Survive the Heat in the City

Europe has been suffering from heat for many days now. The heat is also peeking into Russia. Forecasters predict a new round of heat already this weekend, the thermometers can reach record levels, the weekend of August 13-14 can become the hottest in the summer.

According to  forecast by scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia Roman Vilfand, on Saturday and Sunday will be four to five degrees above the new climatic norms, the expert told RIA Novosti. The heat in Moscow will continue until the middle of next week.

Heat — this is not only an extra reason to leave the city or go to the beach, but and a rather serious test for our health, mood, and for animals and even our cars. Overcoming trials should be wisely, carefully prepared. We tell you how to survive this difficult time without hurting yourself.

Heat in Moscow

Abnormal heat comes to not for the first time. On such days, the inhabitants of the city are drawn to reservoirs, and if there is nothing suitable nearby, then to fountains, in order to feel at least a little freshness next to murmuring water. Walks in nature, in parks and squares — also one of the way to survive in hot weather.

You can see how Muscovites escaped the heat when the weather set records in different years in photo gallery aif.ru.

Anomalous heat in Moscow in different years

In June 1954, the air temperature in the capital rose to 33 degrees. In the photo: vacationers on the beach in Serebryany Bor in the 1950s. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Tikhanov “520” width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

In 1972, all three summer months were abnormally warm, the hottest in Moscow was July 7 and August 21 (34.8). In the photo: residents of the capital sunbathe and swim in the Moskva River near the metro bridge on Vorobyovy Gory (formerly known as Leninskiye Gory) in the 1970s. © RIA Novosti/Valery Shustov “531” width=”775″ style=”display: block;” />

In 1981, a 30-degree heat set in from the end of June, in July there were nine days with a temperature of 30 degrees and above. The peak value of the summer season in 1981 was 35 degrees (July 22). On the photo: Luzhnetskaya embankment in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/M. Barabanov =”531″ width=”353″ style=”display: block;” />

In 1988, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32.5 degrees (June 6) and to 32.7 degrees (June 7). In the photo: a woman is resting in Izmailovsky Park. © RIA Novosti/Fidler

June 1998 was abnormally warm: the heat lasted from the beginning of the month until the 20th. The air temperature in the capital warmed up to 30 degrees and above: June 10 (30.0), June 11 (31.3), June 12 (30.8), June 13 (30.3), June 14 (33.4) and June 15 (33.9). In the photo: a girl at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Oleg Lastochkin

In 1999, hot, dry weather lasted almost the whole of June, during 18 days the daytime air temperature warmed up to 28-32 degrees. In the photo: residents of the capital spend their free time by the water on a hot day. © RIA Novosti/Dmitry Korobeinikov

July 29, 2010 the temperature in Moscow rose to 38.2 degrees. Smog and the smell of burning from forest and peat fires in the suburbs spread throughout the capital. © RIA Novosti/Konstantin Chalabov “531” width=”797″ style=”display: block;” />

On August 6, 2010, the temperature in Moscow rose to 37.3 degrees. In the photo: a man is resting on the lawn under an umbrella. © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Fomichev “531” width=”734″ style=”display: block;” />

On June 27, 2013, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32 degrees. In the photo: vacationers at the Friendship of Peoples fountain at VDNKh. © RIA Novosti/Ekaterina Chesnokova

On June 5, 2014, the temperature in Moscow rose to 31.6 degrees. In the photo: Moscow residents flee from the heat at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev “531” width=”790″ style=”display: block;” />

On June 17, 2020, the temperature record set in 1892 was broken in Moscow. The air in the capital warmed up to 31.4 degrees. On the photo: Tverskaya street in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Aleksey Maishev “481” width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

On June 23, 2021, the temperature in Moscow rose to 34.8 degrees. In the photo: a girl bathes in the White Lake in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Pavel Bednyakov

August 6 was the second hottest day of the current summer in Moscow after July 11, when the air temperature was 32.8 degrees Celsius. On August 6, 2022, the temperature rose to plus 31.7 degrees. In the photo: people at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Biyatov

Anomalous heat in Moscow in different years

In June 1954, the air temperature in the capital rose to 33 degrees. In the photo: vacationers on the beach in Serebryany Bor in the 1950s. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Tikhanov

In 1972, all three summer months were abnormally warm, the hottest in Moscow was July 7 and August 21 (34.8). In the photo: residents of the capital sunbathe and swim in the Moskva River near the metro bridge on Vorobyovy Gory (formerly known as Leninskiye Gory) in the 1970s. © RIA Novosti/Valery Shustov :block;” />

In 1981, a 30-degree heat set in from the end of June, in July there were nine days with a temperature of 30 degrees and above. The peak value of the summer season in 1981 was 35 degrees (July 22). On the photo: Luzhnetskaya embankment in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/M. Drums display: block;” />

In 1988, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32.5 degrees (June 6) and to 32.7 degrees (June 7). In the photo: a woman is resting in Izmailovsky Park. © RIA Novosti/Fidler block;” />

June 1998 was abnormally warm: the heat continued from the beginning of the month until the 20th. The air temperature in the capital warmed up to 30 degrees and above: June 10 (30.0), June 11 (31.3), June 12 (30.8), June 13 (30.3), June 14 (33.4) and June 15 (33.9). In the photo: a girl at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Oleg Lastochkin :block;” />

In 1999, hot, dry weather lasted almost the whole of June, during 18 days the daytime air temperature warmed up to 28-32 degrees. In the photo: residents of the capital spend their free time by the water on a hot day. © RIA Novosti/Dmitry Korobeinikov

July 29, 2010 the temperature in Moscow rose to 38.2 degrees. Smog and the smell of burning from forest and peat fires in the suburbs spread throughout the capital. © RIA Novosti/Konstantin Chalabov :block;” />

On August 6, 2010, the temperature in Moscow rose to 37.3 degrees. In the photo: a man is resting on the lawn under an umbrella. © RIA Novosti/Mikhail Fomichev :block;” />

On June 27, 2013, the temperature in Moscow rose to 32 degrees. In the photo: vacationers at the Friendship of Peoples fountain at VDNKh. © RIA Novosti/Ekaterina Chesnokova :block;” />

On June 5, 2014, the temperature in Moscow rose to 31.6 degrees. In the photo: Moscow residents flee from the heat at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev :block;” />

On June 17, 2020, the temperature record set in 1892 was broken in Moscow. The air in the capital warmed up to 31.4 degrees. On the photo: Tverskaya street in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Aleksey Maishev :block;” />

On June 23, 2021, the temperature in Moscow rose to 34.8 degrees. In the photo: a girl bathes in the White Lake in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Pavel Bednyakov :block;” />

August 6 was the second hottest day of the current summer in Moscow after July 11, when the air temperature was 32.8 degrees Celsius. On August 6, 2022, the temperature rose to plus 31.7 degrees. In the photo: people at the fountain on Manezhnaya Square in Moscow. © RIA Novosti/Evgeny Biyatov

Risk group

When it  outside 30 degrees and such weather lasts for for several days, it's hard for everyone. Especially those who suffer from chronic diseases, the elderly. They should be especially attentive to their health and lifestyle. The load on the cardiovascular system is growing, the heart beats more often, and the body loses fluid on a larger scale than in usual time.

For the elderly, dehydration is very dangerous, they need to replenish the lack of fluid in time. “However, elderly people may have problems with  — warns aif.ru readers Chief Geriatrician of the Moscow Department of Health, ­Deputy Director of the Russian Gerontological Research and Clinical Center, Professor Nadezhda Runikhina. — With age, many people begin to feel less thirsty. There are patients who, due to such a geriatric syndrome as urinary incontinence, specifically try to limit their water intake. Others try to drink less to avoid profuse sweating. A decrease in fluid in the body leads to a whole cascade of adverse reactions. In particular, the risk of thrombosis increases, because. blood viscosity increases. And this, in turn, can lead to heart attack, stroke, deep vein thrombosis — depending on in in which vessels blood clots have formed».

Do not refresh, but dehydrate

When it's hot, we really want something refreshing, but instead of cooling the body a little, we harm it and dehydrate it. And if healthy people can tolerate such mistakes relatively calmly without noticing them, although not without long-term consequences, then people who suffer from diseases of the kidneys or cardiovascular system may feel very unwell.

For for example, everyone's favorite watermelon, the main berry of the end of summer — contribute to dehydration and  edema, according to pediatrician, candidate of medical sciences Irina Yuzup, diuretic products (watermelons, tomatoes, celery) contribute to dehydration of the body, and also contain an excess of salts and  sugars. Therefore, in the heat they must be consumed very sparingly.

Alcohol — main enemy

A mug of beer in the heat or a refreshing mojito will do much more harm in the heat than in normal weather, because we remember that alcohol, even in small quantities, is harmful to health. According to immunologist-allergist Anna Shulyaeva, alcohol in & nbsp; heat damages blood vessels and & nbsp; dehydrates the body. Alcohol needs a lot of water to break down, and even at normal temperatures it's difficult for the body, let alone when the body is exhausted by the heat. Against the background of its use, dryness in the mouth begins, there may be a headache. As a result, alcohol only increases thirst, dehydration on its background on a hot day is fraught with dizziness and fainting. And the load on the heart and vessels is still growing, which is fraught with a drop in blood pressure, the risks of heart attacks and strokes increase.

Don't forget about vitamins and minerals

In heat we lose more magnesium, potassium and sodium, their lack should be filled. “Potassium, for example, can be obtained from  hazelnuts, — says Anna Ivashkevich, dietitian and family therapist, — it is enough to eat a small handful a day, 8-10 pieces. By the way, nuts can be a great snack if you add seasonal berries and fruits. Magnesium can also be obtained from foods, it contains chocolate, buckwheat, spinach, almonds and cashew».

For the heat, cooling products are often recommended, those that contain a lot of moisture. These are cucumbers, zucchini, with minimal heat treatment, steamed or stewed. These are broccoli and cauliflower, which can also be steamed or blanched. Excellent refreshing kefir. It also saturates, if you take not  fat-free, but 3.2%. Add herbs, spices to and you will get a great snack or a light dish.

Exclude icy and heavy

However, cravings for refreshing and cold foods and drinks can damage our digestive system. "Such drinks and dishes cool for a short time — notes Irina Yuzup, — but the body needs to work hard to warm and digest such food, and we remember that the main forces go to thermoregulation. Dishes and drinks should not be colder than 10-15 degrees Celsius. The expert also recommends to refrain from eating heavy, fatty, fried, fast food. The  body must have the strength to cool and fight heat, and such products are too heavy.

Plan your purchases

Poison yourself with spoiled foods in  — lighter than easy. Even the products you just bought from the shop can spoil on the way home in stuffy vehicles.

Nadezhda Raeva, Head of the Food Hygiene Supervision Department of the Rospotrebnadzor Office for the Moscow Region, warns: ""Any protein foods spoil very quickly. They should be stored at a temperature of + 2- + 4 & nbsp; degrees. And it is dangerous to transport them without a cooler bag. We can not save this temperature during transportation. Of course, the manufacturer provides for a certain reserve ratio, for example, you can carry products from store to home in 15-20 minutes, but often it is not possible to get there so quickly. And already if you have to go by public transport — it's much longer. According to the expert, at at-risk — sausage, meat and fish, even dairy products, you should pay special attention to them, since we eat cottage cheese and kefir without heat treatment. Even ice cream spoils in the heat: if it begins to thaw, then pathogenic bacteria also develop in it, therefore it is not recommended to eat melted ice cream.

To avoid the explosive multiplication of bacteria in products that occurs on  hot weather, it is best to stock up on a cooler bag or a thermal pack for transporting groceries, plan shopping times, go only to the nearest stores or buy groceries early in the morning or late in the evening when there is no strong heat.

< h2>Water treatments

Rest by pond and swimming — one of the main ways to cool off and favorite entertainment on weekends. Here, too, you need to act wisely. You can’t warm up too much in the sun, and then rush into cold water, says Anna Shulyaeva, an immunologist-allergist: “Sudden temperature changes don’t have a very good effect.” this and  constriction of blood vessels, and  many other troubles. It can be fraught with various problems, up to  cardiac failures. It is generally better to avoid frying in the sun, and choose reservoirs with a comfortable temperature for swimming.

Cream — required

For more than a year now, doctors have been actively recommending not to go outside in the heat and under the sun without sunscreen. Moreover, it is advised to use maximum filters — more often we are talking about a value of 50. “Creams should be with SPF 30-50 protection. It is important to remember this, because burns come on quickly and not always you can feel them right away, and unpleasant symptoms will bother you for a long time — redness, burning, peeling skin, inability to lie down, — notes Anna Shulyaeva.

Car overheating

“Iron Friend” also suffers from heat and may fail at any minute, overheating on the road. And & nbsp; this is already fraught with danger for the person sitting in it: no one wants to be under the scorching rays of the sun in an open field. The most common cause of overheating is the radiator, which over the years has become clogged with dirt, poplar fluff, chemicals, etc. The radiator is damaged even during an unsuccessful car wash.

Another reason for frequent overheating of the motor is a faulty thermostat, which stops opening the external circuit of the cooling system, due to which the antifreeze circulates in a small circle. Incomplete opening of its valve will lead to deterioration in the supply of antifreeze from the engine to the radiator.

Aif.ru advises that you also need to check under the hood of the car so that overheating is not terrible for your car >&gt ;>

Water is leaving

From year to year, heat waves become longer and more frequent, their temperature gradually rises. This does not remain without consequences, the climate affects not only the health of people, but the landscape, and the behavior of animals.

Because of the heat, there are threats, including energy the security of Russia, and and the whole world as a whole. This is how Siberian rivers become shallow, even such full-flowing rivers as the Ob and the Yenisei.

"Low water levels in Siberian rivers are explained by abnormal meteorological conditions of the current year — little snowy winter and hot spring. This kind of low water occurs approximately once in 75-100 years. There is nothing unusual here, nature has certain cycles, — says the head Department of Land Hydrology, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Doctor of Geographical Sciences Natalia Frolova. — Low water — this is a seasonal or long-term period of low water content, and this is a dangerous hydrological phenomenon, unfortunately, it is observed more and more often on the territory of Russia. It carries a lot of consequences — social, economic, environmental… First, shipping is suffering. Secondly, the generation of electricity by river HPPs is decreasing, because their indicators directly depend on the volume of water accumulated in reservoirs. Thirdly, there are interruptions in the water supply of the population and industrial enterprises. In addition, water quality is deteriorating, crop yields are falling, risks to human health arise, and the quality of life in general decreases.

Attack of slugs

Hot weather also affects the behavior of animals, more precisely their migration, their exploration of new territories.

For example, in Russia, animals from other, more southern regions began to appear more and more often. So, in the gardens of central Russia, red Spanish slugs were noticed, which could inadvertently be brought from southern countries along with fruits and vegetables. And the slugs took root. Gardeners have already managed to invent an original way to deal with them. It is necessary to bury next to the beds attacked by invertebrates, a tin can, where to pour some beer. According to Andrei Tumanov, a gardener and gardener, slugs love beer and will gather in large numbers of such traps.

< p>

Scientists believe that one of reasons  — global warming. Strengthening of invasions (that is, the appearance of invasive species — ed. note) all over the world, scientists associate with including it (global warming — ed. note), — told aif.ru Varos Petrosyan, chief researcher at the Institute of Ecology Problems and evolution named after A. N. Severtsova RAS, Doctor of Biological Sciences. A year ago, the UN published the next, sixth in a row, report on what is happening with climate on the planet. Warming is proceeding at an unprecedented rate, changes are taking place in nature, which have not happened for hundreds of thousands of years. This report presents 40 models in different regions of the Earth. Until  2040, all these models are quite close and show a warming of  1.5 °C. And farther, until 2100 the year, the scenarios differ, the range of possible warming ranges from 4.6 to 6 °C».

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